The proceedings of 38th session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress (APHC) 2014 held at Tirupati

The proceedings of 38th session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress (APHC) 2014 held at Tirupati

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam - myself and Dr Aravinda Kumar, Dravidian University, Kuppam

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam – myself and Dr Aravinda Kumar, Dravidian University, Kuppam

The Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University hosted the APHC: The 38th session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress (APHC) was held at Tirupati on 4th and 5th of January 2014 and hosted by the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology (mentioned as AIHC & A) of Sri Venkateswara University (mentioned as S. V. University[1]). When I reached the venue on 3rd evening, I could find only 20-30 delegates had arrived. Thus, the delegates were accommodated at the Reddy Bhawanam, Karakambadi (Mangalam) Road, Timminaidu Palem, Tirupati which is 6-7 kms away from the venue of the proceedings of APHC. This was the same place, where I stayed when I came here to attend the Conference organized by the Indian Institute for the American Studies in July 2013. From Railway station and Bus-stand, the delegates were received on 3rd evening onwards and taken to the venue, where registration was done and food provided. The volunteers had been very active in taking the delegates to the venue.

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam - delegates coming out

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam – delegates coming out

Dr Sambaiah and others can be seen.

IHC trends seen in APHC?: On 3rd evening something happened at the time dinner made me to recollect what had happened at the IHC session held at Calcutta. When one student of History department tried to take food that was objected by another leading to some unpleasant incidence[2]. The Governor of West Bengal hosted dinner at the lawns of Victoria Memorial Hall. They started gathering waiting for the food. When the food came, the so-called historians, history professors, teachers and others virtually pounced on the food trays. At that time I attended the Conference with my office friends S/Sri Sridharan, Perumal, Tiruvengadam and others[3]. Of course, we had been life members of IHC. The uruly behaviour appeared strange to us and therefore, we started controlling them by asking to stand in the queue, distributing the plates and started serving. After half an hour, some persons started running towards us and asked why we were doing the serving. We explained, then, they identified themselves that they had to that job! The point is that historians talk so many things about equality, social justice, and egalitarian society and so on. But when it comes for practicing, they behave differently.

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam - delegates coming out

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam – delegates coming out

Bus came to pick up the delegates.

Delegates in bus - proceeding to the venue

Delegates in bus – proceeding to the venue

Inauguration at “Srinivasam Hall” (04-01-2014):  Even on 4th morning, the strength of the delegates had been less as compared to the previous sessions. Obviously, because of the “Telingana issue”, there was bundh on 3rd and thus, the local delegates could not have arrived at on 3rd or 4th. Perhaps, the delegates from “Telengana” might have avoided also, as many other familiar faces were missing. Even after breakfast and assembled at the “Srinivasam Hall”, the delegates numbers were only 32. Suddenly, two bus-loads of students arrived and they were made to stand either side of the entrance with flowers in their hands. More students arrived occupying the chairs and thus suddenly, the auditorium appeared full within an hour. The session was inaugurated by Prof L. Venugopal Reddy[4], Chairman of Andhra Pradesh State Commissioner for Higher Education (APSCHE) at the “Srinivasam Hall” nearby. The Hall has been huge one could accommodate perhaps about 1000, but most of the seats have been in bad condition – hand-rests removed, torn, and so also seats[5]. The delegates were welcomed by Prof N. Krishna Reddy, details briefed by P. Bhaskar Reddy and message given by Kiran Kranth Chudary. The Annual Report was presented by Pasala Sudhakar, the General Secretary. Padmashri K. Paddayya, Former Director, Deccan College, Deemed University, Pune was installed as the president of the current session. In the list, Prof Kesavan Veluthat was give presidential remarks, but he did not turn up[6].  As the delegates were few, local school and college students were brought to fill the big auditorium, but some of them were creating noise, indulged in shouting and whistling and booing too. At one stage, Prof L. Venugopal Reddy told that the place was not theatre and they could not respond in such a way. The professors were seen running towards the students and tried to control the shouting students. Instead of making to gathering of such uninterested crowd, they could have arranged a small hall to accommodate the delegates and others who were interested, so that such type of aberrations could have been avoided.

Entrance to the department of AIHC & A

Entrance to the department of AIHC & A

The the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University (mentioned as S. V. University.

Kiran Kranth Chaudary welcoming at the entrance of the building of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology  of Sri Venkateswara University.

Kiran Kranth Chaudary welcoming Aravindakumar at the entrance of the building of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University.

A. R. Ramachandra Reddy, Venkata Ramana Reddy, Jawahar Lal and others also can be seen.

The food problem

The food problem

V. Ramakrishna, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, Venkata Ramana Reddy and others can be seen.

V. Ramakrishna, Venkataramana Reddy, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhakar

V. Ramakrishna, Venkataramana Reddy, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhakar

Historians V. Ramakrishna, Venkata Ramana Reddy, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, Pasala Sudhakar can be seen.

Srinivasam Hall entrance - where inauguration was held

Srinivasam Hall entrance – where inauguration was held

Srinivasam Hall entrance – where inauguration was held.

Beautiful Rangoli / Kolam drawn at the entrance of Srinivasam Hall

Beautiful Rangoli / Kolam drawn at the entrance of Srinivasam Hall

Beautiful Rangoli / Kolam drawn at the entrance of Srinivasam Hall - Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology – Andhra Pradesh History Congress – Welcome to delegates – can be seen in colours!

Students lined up on either side of the entrance to receive the VIPs with flowers showering!

Students lined up on either side of the entrance to receive the VIPs with flowers showering!

Students lined up on either side of the entrance to receive the VIPs with flowers showering! Till 10.30 am none was there, but then the students came, as pointed out in the write-up.

Welcome to delegates - banner

Welcome to delegates – banner

Banner put up on the RHS of the Srinivasam Hall – welcoming the delegates and guests of APHC.

Audience during the inaugural function

Audience during the inaugural function

Students filled hall can be seen.

Audience during the inaugural function - another view

Audience during the inaugural function – another view

VIPS yet to come - Audience during the inaugural function – another view.

Now VIPS occupied the stage

Now VIPS occupied the stage

K. Paddayya, L. Venugopal Reddy, W. Rajendra, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhkar on the stage.

Now VIPS occupied the stage - another view

Now VIPS occupied the stage – another view

Bhaskara Reddy, K. Paddayya, L. Venugopal Reddy, W. Rajendra, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhkar on the stage.

section of the audience

section of the audience

Many VIPs, SIHC members can be seen.

Audience stood up to respect Telugu Mother invocation song

Audience stood up to respect Telugu Mother invocation song

Audience stood up to respect Telugu Mother through the invocation song.

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Can the ritualization of Inauguration can be reduced?: The inaugural function ended by 2.00 pm with the speeches of VIPs, office bearers and Sectional Presidents. As I have been attending this type of conferences since 1983, I do not find any difference and everything went on as usual. Mentioning names, praising others, receiving shawls, mementos, posing for photographs and video …………all have become routine. The speakers also talk traditionally without adopting the current methods of presentation. They could use “Power-point” to convey more to the audience than the one hour long speech. Thus, perhaps, here they had taken a long time for the inaugural session to conclude. As the session had gone beyond lunch time, there were delegates found taking food already. The inaugural session is highly ritualized in almost all History Congresses. In Cuttack, the IHC was rather politicized also. Thus, it is evident that historian have been drifting away from their academic pursuits.

 

Modern Andhra History section

Modern Andhra History section

Modern Andhra History section – president Bhangya Bukya, Kanakaratnam and others can be seen.

Modern Andhra History section - audience

Modern Andhra History section – audience

Modern Andhra History section – audience

KVR presenting paper

KVR presenting paper

K. V. Ramakrishna Rao presenting his paper - Modern Andhra History section – president Bhangya Bukya and others can be seen.

Modern Andhra History section - audience another view

Modern Andhra History section – audience another view

Modern Andhra History section – audience another view.

Paper-reading sessions: After lunch, the paper-reading sessions started. The following sessions were held with the Sectional presidents as shown against each:

Sl. No

Section

Name

Designation

Where held

1 Ancient Andhra History and Archaeology Prof K. Venkatachalam, Registrar, Parmar University AIHC and Museum Hall
2 Medieval Andhra History and culture Victor Babu Dr B. R. Ambedkar University, Lucknow Psychology seminar Hall
3 Modern Andhra History Dr Bhangya Bukya EFLU, Hyderabad Arts Block Auditorium
4 Local History Dr  J. Sujana Mallika RJD, Intermediate Bosard, Tirupati English class room
5 Historiography Dr K A Manikumar Retd. History Prof, Tirunelveli English class room

Significantly, in Modern Section, the sectional chairman Dr Bhangya Bukya EFLU, Hyderabad was responding to every paper and offering critical, encouraging and constructive comments and suggestions. He was also point out that paper-presenters should not simply present the facts culled from newspapers, secondary sources and archives materials, but offer their new findings and the conceptual, textual and non-textual interpretations to bring out their point of view. There was lively discussion on certain papers dealing with current affairs and controversial issues.

 

 Prof Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26 was delivered by Retd. History Prof. K A Manikumar

Prof Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26 was delivered by Retd. History Prof. K A Manikumar

Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26: This year Prof Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26 was delivered by Retd. History Prof. K A Manikumar on “Impact of British colonialism on different social classes in 19th century Madras Presidency” on 4th evening at the Srinivasam Hall. Then also some students were making noise and Manikumar told that “it was not inaugural function, if they did not want, they could go out of the hall”!  I had many occasions to listen to K A Manikumar in other seminars and conferences.  It was followed by the cultural programme. There was problem with Sound-system that delayed the paper-presentation of K A Manikumar that continued and affected the effective performance of the artists during the cultural programme also. Incidentally, one professor from the Archaeology Department was also part of the Music troupe and he was rendering classical songs rhythmically. Thus, archaeologist could also exhibit other talents besides digging. After dinner, it was reported that the Executive Committee meeting was held till 11.30pm.

 

cultural programme

cultural programme

Cultural programme presented by the Archaeology department staff

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food

APHC 2014 delegates queued for food

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food.

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food

APHC 2014 delegates queued for food

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food – another view.

APHC 2014  Adapa with Sivakumar Aruni ICHR

APHC 2014 Adapa with Sivakumar Aruni ICHR

Adapa with Sivakumar Aruni ICHR – enjoying food and discussing.

APHC 2014  Ramachandra Reddy eating and enjoying with his collegues

APHC 2014 Ramachandra Reddy eating and enjoying with his colleagues

Ramachandra Reddy eating and enjoying with his colleagues.

delegates taking food

delegates taking food

Sivakumar Aruni, Kanakaratnam and others taking food.

Ezhilraman with K. V. Ramakrishna Rao

Ezhilraman with K. V. Ramakrishna Rao

Proceedings of the second day (05-01-2014): On 5th (the second day), the paper reading sessions continued. After lunch, in a programme held at the Arts Block auditorium, some historians were facilitated and it was sponsored by the Department of Ancient History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University. The following historians were honoured:

  1. C. V. Ramachandra Rao
  2. O. Sambaiah
  3. A. Sathyanarayana
  4. Durga Prasad
  5. N. S. Ramachandramurthy
  6. Jawaharlal
  7. Soma Reddy
  8. Bhaskara Reddy.

The business session was also held there after the facilitation function. About the next venue of the APHC, nothing was decided, as none came forward so far to host and therefore, it would be considered later. In short, the 38th session of APHC was concluded quickly just like years passing on. We meet again and again.


[1] It is surprising me note in other cases, specifically the adjectives / titles are mentioned faithfully, though not relevant (even after retirement, resignation etc), but here, the name of the University is shortened, though it is short and mentioned differently.

[2] Later some technical objection was raised that he was not registered as delegate. In fact, at that time, none was registered delegates, as it was done later.

[3] We are all from the Central Excise department interested in history and thus became life members immediately. In fact, in the case of Sridharan, he had passed competitive exams and gone to Income Tax from Excise and again from Income tax to Customs with his interest in “History and other related studies”.

[5] Later, during cultural programme, one student wearing yellow colour shirt with black stripes sitting in the front seat of third row on LHS viewing from the stage, caved in as his seat fell down! Then he moved to first seat of the first row on LHS as mentioned.

[6] He was attending Indian History Congress held at Cuttack from 28th to 30th December. At that time I could see many delegates from Andhrapradesh also.

The 37th session of Andhra Pradesh Annual History Conference, Avanigadda

The 37th session of Andhra Pradesh Annual History Conference, Avanigadda

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The 37th session of Andhra Pradesh Annual History Conference was held at Avaigannda, Krishna district, Andhrapradesh. It was hosted by the Sri Mandali Venkata Krishna Rao College of education, Gandhi Khetram, Avanigadda, is the headquarters of Divi Taluk situated 38 kms east of Masulipatnam and 7 kms from Repalle. The delegates were received from the Vijayawada Railway station and Bus-stand and taken to Avanigadda by bus taking three hours journey.

Avanigadda-Google-map

As the place of session had been situated at a remote place, the strength of delegates had been less as compared to the earlier sessions. Yet, the organizers could manage to the three hundred delegates arrived from different parts of Andhra, Tamilnadu and Pondicherry. Mandali Venkatram, the Local secretary has been a young man, but could manage the entire show. Perhaps, for the first time, I could see a Youngman managing the proceedings of a history session.

Punnam Raju - chairman - SSFECT

The hospitality was shared by many personalities of which, Sri Punnam Raju[1], Secretary / Correspondent of Sri Sunflower College of Engineering & Technology[2] provided accommodation and Sri Mandali Buddha Prasad[3], local Congress leader and chairman of Telugu Sahitha Academy food and other facilities.

Sun flower Engineering college - on LHS hostel accommodation

The delegates were accommodated at the hostels of engineering college and school run by Sri Sunflower Educational Society.

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The inauguration was done at the auditorium of Gandhi Khetram, Avanigadda and the Supreme Court Judge Justice Jasti Chelameswar inaugurated the conference on 5th morning. Hyderabad Central University Vice-Chancellor Ramakrishna Ramaswamy, Bharata Sahitya Academy secretary K. Srinivasa Rao and other spoke. The recollection of the Judge about the preserving and disposal of “historical documents and monuments” had been interesting and thought provoking.

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He also recalled the services of the great king Sri Krishnadevarayalu for Telugu literature[4]. But, it was a great concern that the history was neglected a lot, he said.

Mr. Buddhaprasad said that the land of Telugu and the language has a glorious past. Many historic temples are located in Diviseema, which was also the birthplace of Siddendrayogi, Pingali Venkaiah and other great poets…….The government should present awards to the great historians, who served the motherland, he said and asked the delegates to spread the message on the importance of Telugu culture, tradition and language to one and all. Researchers spoke on ancient history, medieval history, modern history and on local history. Prof Kesavan Veluthat[5], University of Delhi was the General President of the session replacing Prof R. Soma Reddy. Prof. Kesavan Veluthat’s address was “Regional history in the making of regions”.

After the ritual of inauguration, the technical session of paper reading started and the Sectional Presidents as usual started reading their papers from the printed booklets, which were customarily circulated to all delegates as follows:

Sl.No Period Sectional president Title of the paper presented
1 Ancient Andhra history and archaeology Prof V. Menakumari Architecture in Andhradesa: A brief study
2 Medieval Prof Kiran Kranth Choudary Tax terms – Vijayanagara period
3 Modern Prof E. Sudharani Exploring women’s history during Asaf Jahis: Initial reflections and prospects.
4 Historiography Prof B. Surendra Rao Why Historiography?
5 Local History Dr G. V. Purnachandu Prachina Krishna tiram (Ancent Krishna Region – a Relook) – maru chupu (in Telugu)

They read their papers in theie respective sessions followed by the presentation of papers by the professors, lecturers, researchers and students of history.

Sl.No Period Sectional president No. Of papers presented
1 Ancient Andhra history and archaeology Prof V. Menakumari 13
2 Medieval Prof Kiran Kranth Choudary 21
3 Modern Prof E. Sudharani 42
4 Historiography Prof B. Surendra Rao 2
5 Local History Dr G. V. Purnachandu 25

557 entrance of the venue

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Inside the venue – LHS – History exhibition (hidden); backside – book exhibition; RHS – the auditorium where inauguration and valedictory functions were held.

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The following have been my observations. The judge was sitting, whereas, Soma Reddy next to him seen sit cross-legged.

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The judge was looking at him, making observations, expressions on the face etc., but he could not understand or otherwise!

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So he too had lift his leg and do like his RHS man doing!

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Earlier, he was making several gestures to make him understand perhaps!

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567, 243, 244 – The was looking at him for his mannerism as both the historians sitting on his left (Kesavan Veluthat) and right (Soma Reddy) were sitting cross-legged;

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254 – after some time judge also sit cross-legged, and the left-side historian sit normally now!

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568 – children sitting depicting different historical personalities of India.

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569 – same as above another view

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558 – the Gandhi statue both hands broken placed backside, RHS of the book exhibition

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559 – same as above – another view – perhaps, he could have been accommodated elsewhere in the “Gandhi-khetram”!

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Inauguration of photo-exhibition

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115 – inauguration of History exhibition  by the judge

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137 – book exhibition – telugu books

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150 – book exhibition – ICHR

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186 – section of the audience during the inaugural function

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187 – another view of the audience

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191 – yet another view of the audience

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270 – Souvenir released

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280 – proceedings released, but, as usual it was not distributed to the delegates.

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288 – book released

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298 – yet another book released

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328 – 5th evening, Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Memorial Lecture was delivered by Prof  B Surendra Rao, Mangalore University on “Nationalism and Historical writing”. His anxiety about history loosing importance was revealed through his observations. He lamented[6] that, “In independent India historians are not allowed to explore or explain history, as, for example, scientist are privileged to do about their respective subjects…”, ignoring that history cannot be “objective”. His ambiguity was revealed subsequently[7]. Though, there have been different interpretations of history and historiography, developed and applied in India thrusted on Indians, only “communal” variety has to be taken for discussion. Why and how the so-called “Muslimness” remained long for it to become  “a site of political and ideological warfare” has not been brought out, instead, he poses “V. D. Savarkar, M. S. Gowalkar and others (others are not named)[8] as the counterparts of “Muslimness” i.e, “Hindutva” without referring to the recent publications.

A careful reading of his whole paper criticises “nationalist” historiography and the writing of history “under national flag”, but he fails or reluctant to the duty of so-called historians to present the Indian history in right perspective. Why the so-called histories have not delivered the “right Indian history” without nationalism, right-wing narcissism, orientalism etc., to suit ordinary Indians or consumers of “history”, as he perceived. As many paper readers do not come to conclusion or have guts to pronounce categorically what is his result, he has also ended with warning to such “nationalist” historiographers of different categories. Therefore, he has added one more verbose paper to the existing category. To quote his last two lines, “Is history too important to be left out tio care of historians, or it is an assertion, sometimes bordering on clumsiness, of the consumer’s sovereignty that sets aside the historian’s labours and judgments? Either way the nationalist fervour or label does not seem to promise much freedom to the historian as it does to the assertive consumers of history”.

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A section of the audience during the Memorial lecture.

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372 – cultural program

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402 – cultural program – audience view

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181 – paper reading session

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184 – Medieval history – here, one lady presented a paper on “Jambudwipa at Konakondala” claiming that for the first time she discovered it. In fact, There have been plenty of material already available about the so-called “Jambudweepa at Konakondala”:

Jambu Dweepa at Konakondla[9]: “The Jain Mythical cosmographical diagram of Jambu Dweepa engraved on a stone on the top of the hill Alchemists at Konakondla village in Vajrakarur Mandal which was identified by Sri R.V. Chakravarthy, Head Master, Parishad High School, Konakondla in the year 1966. The pilgrims, especially south Indian Jain pilgrims are mostly attracted by this Jambu Dweepa which is 70 kms from Anantapur or 10 kms from Guntakal Railway Station. Adjacent to this, there are Kambam Narasimha Swamy Hills, Rasasidda hillock and Kari Basappa hillock. There is a Thirthanka Temple with idols of Thirthankaras (high priests) on Rasasidda hillock. This may belong to 13th Century A.D”. [details as per the website].

Konakondala drawing made on the rock surface

The paintings, drawings and sketches of it are available in different books and nowadays can be downloaded from the website also.  Yet, the paper presenter claimed that she only discovered it, in spite of the facts mentioned above. Moreover, she had chosen to another “black and white” sketch to explain the “puranic description” of Jambudwipa. As it was identified in 1966 and photos were also taken, it is evident that it was there already by that time. Moreover, the paper-presenter never showed tis picture, instead, she was showing one sketch from some other book. Therefore, when pointed out and asked about the dating, he could not explain.

For illustrative purposes, some of the pictures have been reproduced below:

Jaina Janbudwipa from Rajasthan - modern period

A painting of modern period – is available for sale!

Jain Jambudwipa

Comparing with the above, here, we can note more depictions have been there surrounding the “Jambudwipa”

Jain Jambudwipa - differebt views

A comprehensive depiction of two-dimensional picture into three-dimensional – similar to Sri-chakra Mahameru.

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205 – valedictory session

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216 – young Local secretary.

Acknowledgment: I thank Sri Mandali Venkatram, the young and energetic local secretary for providing above photos (of the session).


[1] The Secretary & Correspondent Sri Sunflower Educational Society has the experience of running two well reputed schools in two different Mandals in Krishna District of Andhra Pradesh for the last twenty years with a student’s strength of above 2000. the Secretary & Correspondent of this Institution, he was proud of moulding many of his school children as Engineers, doctors and Officers who proved themselves worthy and deserving both within India and abroad. Besides, the society started a Junior College, which has won many laurels from the public for its outstanding academic performances within short span of time (2 years from establishment). Further, the secretary has vast and rich experience in conducting several career guidance and personality development programs for students and youth, by being a Lions Club District Chairman for the same. The Secretary of the society successfully introduced many dynamic and revolutionary experiments in academic as well as administrative aspects. Above all, he is blessed by the grace of the almighty in maintaining a very social relationship with all the parents and students which in turn makes him to comprehend and psychiatric and psychological fluctuations of the tender minds and there by to assist them to cross over their hidden reasons that make them academically backward. http://www.sunflowercet.org/chairman.php

[3] Sri Mandali Buddha Prasad born to Sri Mandali Venkata Krishna Rao, Smt. Prabhavathi Devi on 26.05.1956 at Nagayalanka Village in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh. His father Sri Mandali Venkata (M.V.) Krishna Rao was a staunch follower of Gandhian Philosophy and a social worker. He served as a Member of Parliament and a Cabinet Minister in the State for a long time and influenced the State politics. He got the rare distinction of conducting the First World Telugu Conference during the year 1975, thereby bringing all Telugu people scattered throughout the world to one platform. His services to the victims of cyclone and tidal wave that hit the coastal area of Andhra Pradesh on 19 November 1977 were attracted the entire world and still remembered. He is known as a great humanist and selfless leader.Sri Mandali Buddha Prasad attained all the great qualities of his father and is moving in his footsteps. After completing his primary and high school education at Avanigadda, Krishna District, Sri Buddha Prasad graduated from Osmania University, Hyderabad.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandali_Buddha_Prasad

[4] Incidentally, “A Neglected Emperor Poet” by Gadicherla Hari Sarvottama Rao was circulated among the delegates .

[5] I used to meet him at the sessions of IHC and discuss about Sangam literature, as he used to present papers.

[6] Prof  B Surendra Rao, Nationalism and Historical writing, fn.1, p.22

[7] See fn.2, p.22.

[8] P.16.

Andhra Pradesh History Congress – 36

The 36th Annual session of Andhra Pradesh Hstory Congress (APHC)

APHC – Thirty sixth session at Ongole: The 36th Annual session of APHC was inaugurated at the C. S. R. Sarma College, Ongole affiliated to the Nagarjuna University on January 7th 2012. It was presided over by the Justice K. G. Shankar, High Court, AP. The C. S. R. Sarma College, Ongole hosted the session coinciding with their Diamond Jubilee Year 2012. On the occasion, they provided a diary to all the delegates, however, it does not contain any brief about the college. Had it contained the history of the College, it would have been informative to know its growth and achievements attained since 1952.

Sidda Venkateswara Rao, Krishna Sai Granites,

R. Soma Reddy, General Secretary, APHC

Justice K. G. Shankar, High Court, AP

D. Musala Rao

Karavadi Venkateswarrlu, Secretary and Correspondent, C.S.R. Sarma College

Rajan, Ancient History,

Mohan, Medieval  History, Sectional President.

Srinivasulu, Secretary.

M. Nagaraju, Local secretary, APHC

Chivukula Sri Rama Sarma College, Ongole: Chivukula Sri Rama Sarma was a famous politician and founder of CSR Sarma college and was considered “King maker” during Ongole politics in 1960s and 70s. Pratapagiri Ramamurthy was the first principal of the College. The present management of the college under the stewardship of Sri Karvadi Venkateswarlu, Secretary and Correspondent of the college, a noted freedom fighter and reputed advocate, is putting his strenus and dedicated efforts I protecting and strengthening the goals set by the founders. As such the institution was accredited with B++ by NAAC in 2007. After celebrating the Silver and Golden Jubilees, the college is marching ahead to its Diamond Jubiliee yewar in 2012. To mark the occasion, the institution is hostng the 36th annual session of APHC[1].

Karavadi Venkateswarrlu: Being, the Secretary and Correspondent of C.S.R. Sarma College, he has been active even in his 82nd age[2]. He pointed out the importance of history briefly. He also released the proceedings volume of the 35th session. He said that when K. Srinivasulu, General Secretary came to him about hosting the APHC session, he immediately agreed considering the importance of the subject.

The presidential address: Sri K. G. Shankar, the Justice High Court, AP started talking that he was perhaps not warranted person there, as he was not an “historian” and he was there, as he was invited by his friends of the college. Says that he was not believing that the Puranas could contain history, until he happened to read a book of H. Ray about the Political History of India, which starts with Parikshit, the grandson of Pandavas[3].

 Judges and historians are common in removing chaff from the grains. On the contrast, he recalled about the Chandavaram murder case[4], whenever, he used to think of Chandavaram, instead of the monument there (i.e, objectivity changes). In those days, a Maoist was murdered and the outcome of the judgment was eagerly awaited even by the Chinese.  

Paper-reading sessions: After lunch, the paper-reading sessions started under usual Ancient, Medieaval, modern, historiography and local histories.

Section Period President
I Ancient Andhra history and archaeology Prof K. Rajan
II Medieval Andhra history Dr V. K. Mohan
III Modern Andhra history Prof S. Srinath
IV Local history Sri B. Hanuma Reddy
V Historiography Prof K. Gopalankutty

24th Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Memorial lecture: Evening, the Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Memorial lecture was delivered by Prof. K. Gopalankutty, Department of History, Calicut University, Calicut on the topic “What is History now – Challenges and Possibilities[5]. Unlike others, his lecture was sharp, precise and over within time limit.

On the second day (January 8th 2012), the paper-reading session continued. The valedictory function was there between 3 and 4.30 pm and the session was over.

CSR Sarma college

CSR Sarma college, Vivekananda statue

The aerial view of the College campus

Inauguration – sectional view of the audience / delegates

Inauguration – sectional view of the audience / delegates – another view

Lighting lamp with candle – medieval to modern – inaugural function

Ancient India session – first day – Rajan Sectional Presisdent

Ancient India session – first day

Medieval session – first day

Modern history session – second day – another view

Modern history session – second day – another view

Modern history session – second day

Modern history session – second day – another view

Medieval session – second day

Medieval session – second day

Medieval session – second day

Medieval ses

Readers are requested to provide more details and information regarding the APHC, so that they would be incorporated with acknowledgments.


[1] From the circular of the Local Secretary of the APHC dated 11-11-2011.

[3] Hemchandra Raychaudhuri, Political history of ancient India: from the accession of Parikshit to the extinction of the Gupta dynasty, University of Calcutta, 1953.

[4]  P.Purushothama Raju, In 1969-70, he was implicated in Chandavaram murder case and he spent 9 months in jail and later the case was dismissed.; http://bhagavathi-jp.blogspot.com/2011/03/late-prathigudupu-sobhanadri-raju-late.html

[5]