The Proceedings of the 42nd Session of APHC held at Narsapur on January  6th and 7th 2018 (1)  

The Proceedings of the 42nd Session of APHC held at Narsapur on January  6th and 7th 2018 (1)

Reaching Narsapur rly stn

Reaching Narsapur station, here the climate was chill as compared to Chennai.

The 42nd session of APHC was held at Narsapur: The 42nd session of APHC was held at Narsapur on January 6th and 7th 2018, at Sri Y. N. College (Autonomous), Narsapur, West Godavari District, Andhrapradesh. The Circular dated 03-11-2017 was sent to the members by the Local Secretary[1] giving details as usual. The Circular of the Local Secretary[2] was received later giving the details about the venue, delegate fees, hospitality, etc. As usual, the delegates started reaching on January 5th, as they had to come from distant places, moreover, Narsapur has been a small town on the banks of Godavari and the trains destined there stop as there is no line further. I started on 4th evening to reach Narsapur, as I wanted to see the places connected with the Colonial factories, shipbuilding activities etc. prof. Madhusudhana Rao joined me at Naidupeta. On 5th morning, we reached Bhimavaram by 6.15 am and we took a passenger train from there to reach Narsapur by 8.30 am. Narsapur has been a nostalgic place for Madgusudhana Rao, as he studied there in Taylor School, when his father was working there as a Judge. By  catching an auto, we went to C. Mallipudi Event Plaze, opposite to Rajagopala Swany temple, Steamer Road, Narsapur – 532 275. Settling down there, we decided to go out and visit places as decided[3]. Evening, we went Sri Y. N. College and paid the delegate fees of Rs.600/- and returned to Hotel Room.

YN College founder

Founder of the college – Sri Yerramilli Narayanamurthy, an eminent Advocate and educationalist

The Narsapur College started in 1949 renamed as “Sri Y. N. College” in 1969: This college was founded in the year 1949 as “The Narsapur College” by Sri Yerramilli Narayanamurthy, an eminent Advocate and educationalist to cater the needs and to improve the facility of collegiate education in the Godavari Districts on the banks of river Godavari [4]. His legal firm, undeterred and unflinching efforts won the munificence of the Govt. Of Andhra State in transferring its sub-collector’s quarters to house the college. The transferred quarters of the sub collector is a 300 year monumental “Dutch building” situated in an area of 14 Acres on the banks of river Godavari and is a real picture of sylvan beauty and serenity. Now the age old Dutch Building surrounded by state-of-the-art blocks and buildings constructed from the U.G.C grants, present a unique picture of “Temple of Learning” in its real sense.

APHC - Ramarao, satyanrayana, gopalakrishna

Present VP, Secretary-Correspondent and Treasurer

The college in 1967 was named after its founder as “Sri Yerramilli Narayanamurthy College” popularly known as “Sri Y.N.College”.  It attained the status of the full fledged college in 1956 and has been elevated to Post-Graduate level in the year 1989-90. The entire college is affiliated to Andhra University, Visakhapatnam and is spread over 14 Acres having an excellent accommodation with impressive infrastructure. Such as Administrative, Post Graduate, Physical and Biological Science blocks, permanent class rooms, spacious Auditorium, Library buildings for UG and PG, Gymnasium, Seminar Hall, Computer Labs for Both UG and PG etc. During the year 2000, this college has celebrated its Golden Jubilee celebrations.

Inauguration 06-01-2018

Inaugural session

Inauguration of 42nd session (06-01-2018): As usual, though, the inaugural session was to start by 10 am as per the invitation card, it started late, as perhaps, they were waiting for the chief guest. Then the handing over of the charge of General Secretary, facilitation of each other and other rituals continued. V. Ramakrishna, though he refused to come to the stage, when, he was invited, later went there and spoke. He pointed out that after the bifurcation of the AP state into AP and Telengana, the assets (archives, museum materials, and other documents) have to be divided. There are two committees formed and reports submitted, but, no action taken, and all papers have been gathering dust in the office of the department of archaeology and museums. So he requested the authorities to do the needful. He also mentioned about the “Sources of History – Telugu speaking people” book release. The APHC website was launched with the photos of the inaugural function appearing immediately[5].

Inagural - Vani Mohan IAS

Dr Vani Mohan IAS inaugurates – Photo courtesy Y. N. College

The following were at the stage:

Dr G.Vani Mohan IAS, Commissioner of the Department of Archaeology & Museums, Govt. of Andhrapradesh, Vijayawada

Prof Y. Sudershana Rao, former Chairperson, ICHR

V. K. Rama Rao, Vive President, Sri Y.N.College

Dr. Satyanarayana Rao, Secretary & Correspondent, Sri Y.N.College

Dr Gopala Krishnamurthy, Treasurer, Sri Y.N.College

Dr A. R. S. Kumar, Principal, Sri Y.N.College

Inauguration 06-01-2018.audience

Audience during inaugural session

Inauguration 06-01-2018.audience.middle

Audience during inaugural session – middle

Dr Vani Mohan IAS (11.55 to 12.16): Dr G.Vani Mohan IAS[6], Commissioner of the Department of Archaeology & Museums, Govt. of Andhrapradesh, Vijayawada, though came late, spoke giving interesting details about her interest in history and as to how it helped her to score high marks in Civil Services Examinations to get through and become IAS officer. Though he had some differences / difficulties in attending the function, she decided to come and attend. She pointed out the existence of thread of continuity in the culture of India since time immemorial, as could be noted from many archaeological evidences recovered at different places, citing example of puja objects and utensils. Digitization of artifacts in the museums would help a lot for researchers and also from tracing, misplacing etc. “Projection map” technique is to be used for important sites to attract the tourists, giving the example of Somanath.

Semi-precious stone beads found during excavation of megalithic burial site at Rayannapeta

She felt pride by converting dumping yard into “Buddha park” and mentioned about Polavaram excavations going on where megalithic culture objects have been recovered. There is one conference on it in March 13th and 14th 2018. As for as the “dividing assets”, she pointed out that there are 54,000 artifacts, 14,000 books and other documents are there and they have to be handed over, only safe rooms are ready for them.

Semi-precious stone beads found during excavation of megalithic burial site at Rayannapeta-2

A Note on the Polavaram Project: A 10,000-year old megalithic burial site with around 100 graves discovered in December 2016, in East Godavari district would be history again even before archaeologists can study them in detail thanks to the massive Polavaram dam coming up across the Godavari. The stone or cist graves dating back to 8th millennium BC at Rudramakota and neighbouring villages of Velerupadu mandal were unearthed by AP state archaeology officials. The Polavaram project, which gained steam after the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Nabard) sanctioned a loan of Rs 1,981 crore, would also sink about a dozen old temples dating back to Kakatiya dynasty of 12th century. Several villages in Velerupadu mandal, which was earlier part of Khammam district but was merged with East Godavari as part of the AP State Reorganisation Act, 2014, would also be submerged in the backwaters of Polavaram[7]. The AP government plans to complete the ambitious project before the general elections in 2019. The region surrounding the Godavari on AP-Telangana border is rich in early man stone graves. Several megalithic burials have been discovered in the region in the past few decades.

APHC 2018 - at Narsapur, Proceedings released- -06-01-2018.

APHC proceedings released  – Photo courtesy Y. N. College

There are about 100 megalithic burials on a hillock in the village. Besides the cist graves at Rudramakota (Rudrakota), we also discovered burials at Rayalipet of Yetapaka mandal. The stone burials are west of Bhadracha lam, about 12 km away. Many graves are in disturbed condition. We have identified 17 villages for excavation,” said East Godavari archaeology technical assistant Timma Raju, one of the three-member team that discovered the graves[8]. Raju said that the department plans to preserve parts of the graves at another location before its submergence.While artefacts and other material in the graves would be sent to state museum for display. The ancient temples located at Kukunoor, Vaddigudem, Motigadda, Iravendi and other places that fall under the Polavaram submergence area would also be relocated. “The study of these graves will give us an insight into the social, economic and religious habits of our ancestors. We need to study them in detail and preserve them as their history will be lost forever under Polavaram reservoir,” he said. For the first time in South India, archaeological authorities have found rare multi-colour semi-precious stone beads in large quantities during ongoing excavations at a megalithic burial site at Rayannapeta of Yetapaka mandal in East Godavari[9]. As many as 69 beads of crystal, carnelian and chalcedony with red, white and blue-brown colour combination were found and they were dated back to fourth or fifth century BC. Each bead is six mm in diameter with three mm thickness[10].

APHC 2018 - at Narsapur, Proceedings-souvenir- -06-01-2018.

Souvenir released  – Photo courtesy Y. N. College

The proceedings, souvenir …were released.

Modern section - Iqbal Ahmad

Modern session, chaired by Prof K. R. Iqbal Ahmad.

Modern section - Iqbal Ahmad.audience

Modern session, view of the audience.

Modern section - Iqbal Ahmad.audience.LHS

Modern session, another view of the audience.

Modern section - Iqbal Ahmad.Kumarasamy protesting

Dr Kumarasamy was protesting raising slogans, as his paper was not published in the volume.

Technical, paper reading sessions (06-01-2018): After lunch, as usual the sectional presidents went on reading their papers, already printed and circulated to all delegates. This has been going on in all conferences involving huge money, as they are printed several times in the booklets and verbatim in the proceedings again. And it could be noted as to how the contents of the narratives of their papers have been repeated again and again, as I have been noting for the last 35 years of various conferences like IHC, SIHC, TNHC, AIOC etc. Afte 4 pm, the paper reading session started as follows:

  Session Sectional president nominted Room no
1 Ancient Andhra History & Archaeology Dr.V. Sudershan,

V.S.M. College,


2 Medieval Andhra History Prof. Sanjay Subodh,

Department of History,

University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad

3 Modern Andhra History Prof. K.R. Iqbal Ahamed,

Director, Directorate of Distance Education,
Moulana Azad National Urdu University, Hyderabad

4 Historiography Prof. Mahalakshmi Ramakrishnan,

Centre for Historical Studies,

Jawaharlal Nehru University,

New Delhi

5 Local History Dr. Gadam Gopala Swamy,

Retd. Principal,

SVSS Arts & Science Degree College, Attili.


My paper was over at the modern session, it was received well and at the end, the dectional president also appreciated that my paper gave intetesting unknown details about the metal work from the Chjolas to modern colonial period. Significantly, he stressed that all should be in the hall when papers were presented by others and one should not simply present paper and go away. They should develop the habit of listening to others.

APHC 2018 - at Narsapur-Ancient -chandramouli-06-01-2018.

Ancient session, chaired by Dr V. Sudarshan.

APHC 2018 - at Narsapur-Ancient -06-01-2018.

Ancient session, Harshavardhan presents paper.

APHC 2018 - at Narsapur-Ancient -audience-06-01-2018.

Ancient – view of the audience

Mamidipudi Venkata Rangayya Memorial Lecture: Mamidipudi Venkata Rangayya Memorial Lecture was delivered by Prof. Mahalakshmi Ramakrishnan[11], Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. The invitation mentioned her topic as “Commemorating Death: Forms and symbols in Early Medieval Tamilnadu.”  In general, she dwelt upon the issue. After dinner, the first day proceedings were over. The food had been very good and the delegates enjoyed well.

© K. V. Ramakrishna Rao


[1] G. Venkataramaiahm, Plot No.61-PH. No.6-72-61/P, Satya Nilayam, Sshank Enclave, Near Krishna Theatre, Dammaiguda, Hyderabad-83;, 9440212560.

[2] Sri S. Soma Sekhar, HOD, History Department, Sri. Y.N.College was the Local Secretary.

[3] I shall post the details in a separate blog about our visit to different places of Narsapur.

[4] These detailsarere taken from the coollege website: and



[7] Times of India, Polavaram to bury 10,000-year-old graves, Syed Akbar| TNN | Updated: Dec 29, 2016, 01.11 PM IST.


[9] DECCAN CHRONICLE, Semi-precious stone beads found at Polavaram area, Published Dec 14, 2017, 11:17 am IST; Updated Dec 14, 2017, 11:17 am IST.


[11] Associate Professor, JNU, Room no. 103, SSS 1 Tel: 011- 26704475; Mobile: +919818028615 E-mail:, Education: Ph.D., Ancient Indian History, Centre for Historical Studies, JNU, 2006. ‘The Making of the Goddess Koṟṟavai-Durgā in the Tamil Religious Tradition, circa AD 600- 1300’.



The Proceedings of the 41st session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress, held at Ananthapuram on January 7th and 8th, 2017.

The Proceedings of the 41st session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress, held at Ananthapuram on January 7th and 8th, 2017.



The Arts and Science College, Anantapur – the venue: The Arts and Science College in Anantapur hosted the 41st session of Andhra Pradesh History Congress held at Ananthapuram on January 7th and 8th 2017. The college was established during the British reign on July 8, 1916 reportedly as part of their effort to bring advanced education to the people of the ceded districts. The institution has effectively served the educational needs of the region and has produced many stalwarts and is completing 100 years of existence in 2017[1]. The college is the alma mater of many great leaders and eminent personalities.  The erstwhile Anantapur region comprised the present-day Bellary district of Karnataka, besides the Rayalaseema districts and the Nellore district.


anantapur-arts-and-science-college-google location

From Dr S. Radhakrishnan to present day: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the first Vice-President and second President of India, worked here as a teaching staff for a few years in its early days.  He worked as a Tutor in Philosophy in the college[2]. Former President and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy was a student of this college in the early 1930s while in the later years, many luminaries like Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Damodaram Sanjivaiah, former ISRO chairman Padma Bhushan U.R. Rao and former RBI Governor Y.V. Reddy among many other IAS, IRS and IPS officers were associated with the college. And the present generation of students should feel proud that they are also studying in the same college!


Dr S . Radhakrishnan and Sanjiva Reddy-old-students

The Centenary celebrations and the 41st session of APHC: Currently, the college offers 31 under-graduate programs and 14 post-graduate courses and is home to 7964 students. More than 90 per cent of them belong to the economically poor and disadvantaged sections of the society. The college administration has planned to announce 2015-16 as centenary celebrations year. “An alumni meeting has been called on January 4 (Sunday) 2017 to chalk out an elaborate plan to celebrate the grand occasion in a fitting manner,” said Principal N. Ranga Swamy[3]. About the history department, the college website gives no details, except one photo[4], that is reproduced below. Though, the 41st session of APHC was decided to be hosted here coinciding with the “Centenary celebrations”, the session went on as usual.






aphc-breakfast 07-01-2017

The College looks grand in the front, but as old as inside: The College looked old as noted and the class rooms and other places appeared withered without any facelift.  The registration was done at the department of history as usual and the delegate fees was Rs.400/- and the delegates were accommodated in different lodges nearby. The list of papers to be presented was not provided to the delegates. Moreover, they were again asked to provide one hard copy, as the person in charge did not bring the papers received by e-mail, post and courier. This caused a lot of inconvenience to the paper presenters, as they had to take photocopy and give to the organizers. I have suggested many times that the editor or anybody from editorial board or his / its representative can sit with a laptop and copy all the papers to be presented, so that there would not be any practical difficulty of any sort. The CD is not opening, the required fonts missing, the CDs themselves missing (as happened many times) and all such issues could be avoided. Moreover, it is intriguing as to what the 300-500 CDs would be dealt with after the proceedings volume was printed, received by them.



The inauguration and thereafter (07th Janury 2017): The inauguration was to be started by 10.00 am, but, as usual, as they were expecting politicians, it was held up and delayed beyond 11 am in the seminar hall, first floor. Dr Palle Raghunatha Reddy, Minister for IT & Telugu Language & Culture, Smt Paritala Sunitha, Minister for Civil Supplies, Sri S. K. Sasidhar IAS, District Collector, Anathapuramu and others did not turn up, as printed in the Invitation card, banner, cut-out etc. Only local MLA, Sri. V. Prabhakar Chowdary came to inaugurate. Prof Sashi Bhushan Upadyaya[5] was the general president of the session, the. The following were present:





Session Sectional President His capacity His title of the paper
Ancient Andhra History


Dr. N. Chandramouli


Dept. of History, Pondechery University, Puduchery


The Archaeology of Rock art in Andhra and Telangana regions.
Medieval Andhra History


Prof. T. Dayakar Rao


Kakatiya University, Warangal


Irrigation Technology of the Kakatiyas.
Modern Andhra History


Dr. V. Lalitha (Retd.)[6]


Telugu Academy, Hyderabad


Tribal Studies – Reflections of a field worker.


Prof. Venkatachalapathi


Madras Institute of Development Studies, Chennai


Writing History in colonial Tamilnadu
Local History


Sri A. Chandrasekhar


Retd. Principal, Anantapuram


Is there “Moral consent?” – A Study into unabated suicides in Amathapuramu District.




The inauguration ritual went on as usual, inviting the guests to the stage, honouring them with bouquet and shawls, lighting the lamp……and so on. Sashi Bhushan Upadyaya’s paper was “History – Writing and the making of Indian nation”. Delving upon the books of K. V. Rangaswami Iyangar, S. Krishnaswamu Aiyangar, A.S.Atlekar, G. N. Banerhee, D. R. Bhandarkar, R. D. Banerjee, R. C. Dutt, R. C. Majumdar, Radha Kumud Mookerji etc., dubbing them as “nationalist” historians, he compared with that of Marxist historians and tried to show how “Nation” was evolved. In conclusion, he just summarized what he had written in 48 pages booklet circulated[7], without giving his opinion. As I had been listening to and reading such discourses for the last 35 years, I pointed out to him, when I met him. He accepted and said that he wanted to give such details to the audience.





The Technical / paper reading sessions: After lunch, the paper reading sessions started as follows:

Sl.No Section Sectional President Room No
1 Ancient history and Archaeology Dr. N. Chandramouli


Drama hall
2 Medieval Andhra Prof. T. Dayakar Rao


19 (near dining venue)
3 Modern Andhra Dr. V. Lalitha (Retd.)


13 (Physics Department)
4 Local History Prof. Venkatachalapathi


14 (Physics Department)
5 Historiography Sri A. Chandrasekhar


31 (Near photo exhibition, furst floor)

The papers had been as usual and I could not find anything new, as they were mostly depended upon secondary sources and the subject matter was already known.  Of course, the sectional presidents themselves were pointing out the facts and advising certain paper presenters, who could not present their papers properly.


aphc-medieval-section-07-01-2017 Dr Dayakar Rao chairing






aphc-medieval-section-07-01-2017- Dr Madhusudan Rao-presenting-paper



Election for the Executive Committee of APHC: “Election Notice” dated 08-01-2017 was putup near the APHC office informing that “Elections will be held for electing the new executive of A.P. History Congress for the year 2017-18 on 08-01-2017 in the Business Session. Nominations are invited from the members duly proposed, seconded and accepted from the members who have attended three sessions. Date and time of Nominations: 11.00 am on 08-01-2017, withdrawals 12.00 Noon 0n 0-01-2017.” As there were no elections, it is evident that already, the members selected / chosen had been accepted. However, as the executive committee meeting was held on 7th evening till midnight, it was intriguing to note why such notice was pasted, when none filed nomination. In any case, this proved that some of the “interested delegates” were not satisfied with the “chosen-EC members” regularly. Of course, I have not witnessed any election taking place in APHC.



Mamidipudi Venkata Rangayya Memorial Lecture (07-01-2017): “Dirty words: A cultural History of Swearing and Abuse” was delivered by Prof. Venkatachalapathi, Madras Institute of Development Studies, Chennai on 07-01-2017 in the evening. He was dealing with abuse, curse, name-calling, bad-language used etc., by people at strange, enraged and bizarre circumstances. In 19th century, the dirty words appearing in the Shakespeare were removed by Thomas Bowdler and known as the process “bowdlerizatoion”. In the same way, the British government allowed certain Tamil literature, after expurgation of some portions[8]. In cinemas, rarely bad words were used than literature mentioning how the word was used in “Aburva ragangal” of Kamal Hassan. His choice of examples had been selective, as if only those used such bad language and others did not. He had conveniently suppressed the fact of how the Dravidian leaders used abuse on the stages in filthy language, with lewd and immoral words. He was also trying to imitate such abuses had been “patriarchal” in nature, as if, women never abuse. Though, he had been loquacious, garrulous and verbose, he never uttered any dirty word, except “bastard”. He implied four words, the word “F….K” citing some examples.





Tanjore Brahmins vocabulary: He claimed that the Tanjore Brahmins vocabulary contained “dirty words”, taking clue from “Silver tongue” V.V.S. Sastri[9]. Quoting Sastry, he was trying to force that he was using vulgar language (no rabid dog would cross). He never uttered anything about other as pointed out, thus, obviously exposing his ideological bias. He was repeating from his writings already available in Tamil and English[10]. In fact, most of the stuff, he read in English was obviously translated from his own article appeared in “Kalacchuvadu”[11]. And I know all and found nothing new. In fact, I wanted to question him, but, as usual sensing my presence and readiness to get up, the organizers cleverly announced that no questions would be allowed! “Good words” indeed against “dirty words”!



In India, there have been certain writers, film-field experts and others, who get fame only for projecting the negative aspects, which have been part of any society, nation, could be observed every where. Yet, they posing as “intellectuals” sell India in that way and get laurels. However, when they visit the foreign countries, they do not go to rural sides and villages, observe happenings there and narrate here or anywhere! This biased, one-side and prejudiced projection has been intriguing. I wonder as to why this type of “Endowment” lectures are arranged when the Indian society has already been under attack by different divisive forces working with ideology. Even the History congresses have been affected by such ideologies as pointed out by me in other postings.



Book release function, cultural programme and dinner (07-01-2017): After that, there was a cultural programme. Actually, the performers came ready, but, had to wait till 8.00 pm, as the “Book release function” help up them with the release of five books with the introduction of the authors briefing about the books and the authors starting briefing about their books. This made some kids (10-15 aged children), who came for performance with dress with enthusiasm started sleeping and they were made to wake up to be ready for the programme later by 8.30 pm. Ironically, it was announced that the dinner would be served only after the cultural programme. After the programme, there was a “stampede” like situation at “dinner venue”, as there was not enough light and the quality of food was not good. Later, it was accepted that it was prepared hurriedly at the canteen and so on.





APHC – second day – The Technical / paper reading sessions continued (08-01-2017): The paper reading session continued on the second day also. It went on as usual with characteristics of reading paper, getting certificate and going away, as they did not have patience to listen to others. They do not have courtesy to listen to others or perhaps they think that they need not do so! Even first-time paper presenters also do the same. Nowadays, a lot of materials (books, e-books, papers, reports and others) are available to the researchers. For the University and college students, much more is available, as they could access to International journals and download research-papers also. Therefore, selecting a topic, they can collect materials and prepare a good paper for presentation.









In the “Ancient history” section 35 papers were presented; Medieval 37; Modern – 65; Local history – 15 and Historiography – 5 and thus, totally, 157 papers were presented during the whole session.









The Business session and Valedictory function (08-01-2017): The business session was held after lunch. On 8th, the food was arranged “Veg and non-veg” basis and as usual, the NV enjoyed both! Of course, there were few to take “Veg” there! The new executive committee members unanimously chosen were declared. Other things went on as usual. The next APHC, 42nd session may be held at Kakinada in 2018.

[1] The Hindu, Anantapur Arts and Science College to turn 100 years,V. K. Rakesh Reddy, Anantapur: January 03, 2015 00:26 IST; Updated: January 03, 2015 00:26 IST




[5] Dr. Shashi Bhushan Upadhyay is Professor with the Faculty of History. His research interests are mainly in the fields of Labour History, Dalit Studies and Literary studies. His publications include a book titled Existence, Identity and Mobilization: The Cotton Millworkers of Bombay, 1890-1919 (2004), two co-edited volumes Dalit Assertion in Society, Literature and History (2010) and School Education, Pluralism and Marginality (2012) and about 20 articles on Labour, Dalits and Premchand. He has been involved for many years in all aspects of preparation of study material for distance learners. He has written about 20 units for Post-Graduate and Under-Graduate distance learners on Historiography, Labour Movement, and Tourism Studies. Presently he is the coordinator for an M.A. course on Indian National Movement and supervising some Ph.D. students. His current research engagement is in the field of Historiography. Official Address: School of Social Sciences , Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), Maidan Garhi,New Delhi – 110068; Phone.  +91-011-29533845, 29572739; e-=mail-

[6] Instead of her, handled the Modern history section without anybody’s assistance.

[7] Sashi Bhushan Upadyaya, History – Writing and the making of Indian nation, Govt. College (UG & PG), Anathapuram, Andhra Pradesh, p.49.

[8] A.R. Venkatachalapathy, The Province of the Book: Scholars, Scribes and Scribblers in Colonial Tamilnadu, Permanent Black, Ranikhet, 2012, chap. 6.

[9] Valangaiman Sankaranarayana Srinivasa Sastri CH PC (22 September 1869 – 17 April 1946) was an Indian politician, administrator, educator, orator and Indian independence activist. He was acclaimed for his oratory and command over the English language. Srinivasa Sastri was born to a poor temple priest in the village of Valangaiman near Kumbakonam, India. He completed his education at Kumbakonam and worked as a school teacher and later, headmaster in Triplicane, Madras. He entered politics in 1905 when he joined the Servants of India Society. Sastri served as a member of the Indian National Congress from 1908 to 1922, but later resigned in protest against the Non-Cooperation movement. Sastri was one of the founding members of the Indian Liberal Party. In his later days, he was strongly opposed to the partition of India. Srinivasa Sastri served as a member of the Madras Legislative Council from 1913 to 1916, Imperial Legislative Council of India from 1916 to 1919 and the Council of State from 1920 to 1925. Sastri also functioned as India’s delegate to the League of Nations, as member of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and agent to the Union of South Africa.

[10] By Sascha Ebeling (Ed.), Colonizing the Realm of Words: The Transformation of Tamil Literature in Nineteeth-century South India, Sunny Press, State University of New York Press, Albany, USA, 2010.

[11] A. R. Venkatachalapathy, Vayile nalla varudhu (Coming from mouth conveniently), in Kalaccuvadu, September, 2013.

The Proceedings of 40th session of Andhra Pradesh History Congress held at Srikakulam on January 9th and 19th, 2016

The Proceedings of 40th session of Andhra Pradesh History Congress held at Srikakulam on January 9th and 19th, 2016

1. Delegates taken to the venue by a POLICE bus

1. Delegates taken to the venue by a POLICE bus

The Andhra Pradesh History Congress [ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ చరిత్ర కాంగ్రెస్, శ్రీకాకుళం, (hereinafter mentioned as APHC)] held its 40th session at the Government College for women at Srikakulam on Saturday (09-01-2015) and Sunday (10-01-2016). The General Secretary’s first circular dated 17-11-2016 (sic)[1] and the local secretary’s circular dated NIL gave the usual details about the delegate fees, accommodation, paper reading etc. About 70 delegates reached Srikakulam on 8th evening and they were first taken to the college, got registered and accommodated according to their “status”, though the delegate fees of Rs. 400/- was same and all have been members of the association. As for as we (a group of 10 delegates) were concerned, we were taken by a “POLICE” bus at one circle and asked to get down.

2. Govt women college entrance, Srikakulam

2. Govt women college entrance, Srikakulam

3. Delegates getting down from bus and going for registration

3. Delegates getting down from bus and going for registration

Delegates getting down from bus and going for registration.

the places of registration and seminar hall

4. The places of registration on LHS and seminar hall on RHS, where inaugural and valedictory sessions were held.

The memorial lecture and cultural program were held at the seminar hall upstairs.

5. Registration done

5. Registration done

The registration was done and the folder was given, however, ii did not contain the list of papers and paper presenters or abstract.

6. Membership LM, AM checked

6. Membership LM, AM checked

The annual and life memberships were checked, fees collected.

7. Registration crew

7. Registration crew

Now they appeared to have been free!

8. College view from the backside

8. College view from the backside

The college building looked old and the surroundings were with grown shrubs.

9. College view backside, a room in dipilated condition

9. College view backside, a room in dilapidated condition

College view backside, a room in dilapidated condition.

10. Sudharshan Rao, ICHR chairman comes

10. Sudharshan Rao, ICHR chairman comes

11. V Ramakrishna comes

11. V Ramakrishna comes

Exploring and discovering “Balaji Lodge”: One Sri Ranga Rao got down first and making some enquiries about the location of “Balaji Lodge”. First, he took us to one old “Balaji Lodge” and the delegates who accompanied expressed their dissatisfaction about the condition. So he took us to another “Balaji Lodge” situated half-a-km away by walk with all our luggage. The person at the reception refused to give any room, unless amount was paid in advance. Ranga Rao was telling that “Madam”[2] had already informed about the accommodation. He said no, and repeated his demand of advance. Meanwhile, the same delegates who expressed their dissatisfaction about the old “Balaji Lodge” wanted to verify the condition of the rooms, as the reception itself was awkward with dust and garbage and the chairs were with 2 mm dust settled down! They returned to inform that the rooms were dirty and therefore, they did not want to stay there. Ranga Rao was again talking with somebody or “Madam” informing what was happening. Then he asked us to come to another “Balaji Lodge” situated half-an-km. Now, I told him I could not walk like this with luggage and asked him as to to whether knew the location of the lodge or not. He assured that he was taking to the right “Balaji Lodge” now! I was walking slowly behind them and at last we reached yet another “Balaji Lodge”! Actually, Ranga Rao did not know the location of real “Balaji Lodge” or he tried to put us in some “Balaji Lodge”, was not known, but, being a local person, that too, the “preparation and arrangements” were going for the last three months, it was intriguing that he should have made us to roam in different lanes here and there with luggage and finally discover the real “Balaji Lodge” on the main road, G. T. Road, next to Andhra Bank. Now, the person at the reception agreed to provide rooms. So about 10 delegates were accommodated there. I requested for ground floor, but, he told only single rooms were available and therefore, he could give a room in the first floor. So we settled at room no.204 and my roommate was Dr A. Madhusudhana Rao, HOD, History Department, Tirupati[3].

36. Rama lodge

Rama lodge, where delegates were accommodated

Egalitarianism and utopian principles would not work among the “historians”: Later, I came to know that delegates of different categories Elite, eminent, emeritus, VIP etc., had been accommodated at N. S. Residency, Arsavalli, Police Guest House, Rama Lodge, Varam etc. So the Communist, Marxist and other hypotheses of utopian or egalitarianism would not work here and none could tallk about equity, equality or impartiality, suppression, oppression and exploitation of one group by other dominant group or another principle or ideology. Division, differentiation and discrimination have to be there to prove their position, condition and status, so this type of “caste system” or “Varnasgrama dharma” has been there and we may have to find a “Manu” to burn his “sastras” Even among the “historians”, there has been grudge about their treatment, as I have been watching such trends closely since 1985, being a life member of Indian History Congress, South Indian History Congress, Andhrapradesh History Congress, Tamilnadu History Congress, All India Oriental Congress, Mythic Society, Institution of Engineers etc. I have been executive member of SIHC and TNHC also. Preaching, practicing and propagating of ideology have been different for them. I have seen how the elite, eminent, progressive historians fight with each other, during the GBM and business sessions. The WAC – III exposed their professional bias, as the world scholars had seen them in action[4].

Nagavalli, Varam, Balaji - the rejected one

Nagavalli, Varam, Balaji – the rejected one

09-01-2016 (Saturday) 10.40 – 10.57 am: The delegates were waiting for the VIPs to arrive as usual for an hour. About 10.40 am, instead of scheduled time 10.00 am as per the invitation, the inaugural session started with the welcoming speech of Dr K. Mythili, Local Secretary, APHC. She announced that they used to conduct a national seminar every year. The VIPs on the dais were:

Prof C. Somasundara Rao, General President, APHC

Prof. Ellapragada Sudarshana Rao, Chairman, ICHR

Dr Hanumanthu Lajipathu Rai, Vice Chancellor, Dr B. R. Ambedkar University

Dr P. Lakshmi Narasimham, IAS, District Collector, Srikakulam

Sri A. S. Khan, Superintendent of Police, Srikakulam District.

Prof G. Venkataramaiah, General Secretary, APHC

Dr K. Mythili, Local Secretary, APHC, besides, the sectional presidents were also sitting. “Vande mataram” was sung as inaugural song and all stood up. Ironically, this song is avoided, hated and even banned in “secular” forums! When the lamp was lit by the VIPs, almost all were wearing shoes and chappals. In this way, the invocation of “God” to bless the conference went on!

12. Inagural lamp lit with shoes and chappals.

12. Inaugural lamp lit with shoes and chappals.

Inaugural lamp lit with shoes and chappals. Only one person removed his shoes, as could be seen from the photo.

13. Inagural lamp lit with shoes and chappals.

13. Inaugural lamp lit with shoes and chappals.

14. Inagural lamp lit with shoes and chappals

14. Inaugural lamp lit with shoes and chappals

Inaugural lamp lit with shoes and chappals.

15. A section of the audience - inaguration

15. A section of the audience – inauguration

A section of the audience – inauguration.

16. A section of the audience - inaguration

16. A section of the audience – inauguration

Another  section of the audience – inauguration.

17. A section of the audience - inaguration

17. A section of the audience – inauguration

Yet another view of section of the audience – inauguration.

18. Stood up for Vande Mataram

18. Stood up for Vande Mataram

Stood up for Vande Mataram.

19. A section of the audience - inauguration

19. A section of the audience – inauguration

Another section of the audience – inauguration.

11.57 – 11.04 am: Prof C. Somasundara Rao, President, APHC spoke

11.04 – 11.09 am: Dr P. Lakshmi Narasimham, IAS, District Collector, Srikakulam pointed out about the loss of interest in studying history subject. He continued to say that, “History subject is ignored…..Moreover, nowadays, much importance is given to tourism than history, which is not correct. Some have developed an attitude as to what is the use of studying history. Such notion is also wrong. …….As I have some urgent work, I am leaving now…..” Now, this trend is seen in all history forums and conferences, but, the involved do not assess themselves and the subject matter. They do not bother about the updating of the subject, syllabus and correct the wrong hypotheses and theories, which have been part and parcel of their papers, newspaper articles, books and syllabus for the last 60 years. When all subjects have been developing, progressing and attaining perfection to suit the humanity and catering to the needs of mankind, history does not do so and that is why, it is ignored and even removed from schools and colleges. Then, what is the use of crying “History is in danger”!

11.10 – 11.29 am: Dr V. Ramakrishna said, “To talk that without history, there is no life etc., is sunya. Why history is getting destroyed, because, some people are trying to kill history, but, history cannot be killed. Though, the country is divided in to two, history would continue[5]……….it is not that 40-50 historians[6] have come and they are trying to protect history……Kaling-Andhra history is important and it should be pursued. APPHC never sought funds from anybody. Now, ICHR has granted Rs. 1.5 lakhs for the conduct of the session. Now tourism is developed as history, but tourism ois not history. Under the guise of tourism, history is destroyed, because monuments are whitewashed, sculptures painted and inscriptions obliterated. From Telengana, lots of history books are coming out and I do not want to comment upon them. From 5000 YBP to modern period history is written[7]. …..We do not want money from the government. Had we received so, then, we would have written history only about individuals, regions and so on and we would have lost real history.           ” So perhaps, he was responding to the preceding speaker, but informing, “history is in danger” as “some people are trying to kill history,”!

A S Khan supdt of police, srikakulam

A S Khan supdt of police, srikakulam

11.30 – 11.53 am: Sri A. S. Khan released the “Comprehensive History of Andhra”. Vol.6. He then started talking, “We have to think about some issues. Now, there is a talking that history is useless…….If history is useless, why it should be rewritten? Application of social science themes played havoc in to Indian historiography. There are many questions you have to answer, as I cannot answer, as you only are history writer, whereas, I am only history reader….. History contains some points of speculation….neutrality in historical opinion has been affected…………History is not in the hands of historians now, but, controlled by corporate bodies… now, everything has to be read between the lines…. Past has disappeared from the surface of the earth, because of vandalism and such acts….how conflicts are generated, how arms are created. How weapons moved from one place to another….are to be studied by the historians..Are historians not concerned about these?………….As Gita says discuss about everything, but do not attach towards it…..discuss in cordial atmosphere, at every time. You have come from many places and therefore, it is worthwhile for you to see many important places in and around Srikakulam. I am ready to provide vehicles to see such places.” But, the organizers never bothered about his gesture, and the delegates were ging to places in autos in between the sessions! Coming to his observations, he has made very valid and important, as how “history” is manipulated and controlled!

11.49 am: Dr Chandramouli’’s book was released by Prof Sudarshan RAo, Chairman, ICHR. But, it was announced that only the book would be released and there would not be any discussion or speech about it.

20. Sudharshan Rao speaking

20. Sudharshan Rao speaking

11.54 am- 12.19 pm: Prof. Ellapragada Sudarshana Rao, Chairman, ICHR pointed out that the history of north-east Indian was being neglected. Some Telugu people are writing history differently………… In one book, it is said that all Indian rulers were Telugu……….the objectivity is lacking among historians………(current gone, but, he continued his talk).

21. Sudharshan Rao speaking - Janaki Nair lookking at

21. Sudharshan Rao speaking – Janaki Nair lookking at

12.13 – 12.19 pm: He continued, “In history writing there should be some ethics. Say, for example, historians should keep their personal conjectures away, instead of presenting facts…..they should be objective in presenting the facts……. APHC has been successful in keeping history…….history need not be linked with nation, but with humanity…….Universal history should be on humanitarian basis… historiography should be about the human development”. That Dr Janaki Nair was attentively listening to him made me interesting, as he was criticized by the leftists for his appointment as the chairman of ICHR. Romila Thapar’s objection has been typical of apartheid or untouchability type exhibited with professional bias[8]. This is what she said about him[9], “He has published popular articles on the historicity of the Indian epics but not in any peer-reviewed journal, and the latter is now a primary requisite for articles to be taken seriously at the academic level”! When the appointments were made during the last 60 years, none questioned, why then, now such hue and cry was made is intriguing. As the historians have openly got divided themselves into different groups, supporting different ideologies, the political appointment would be like that only. So, it looked different when two such opposite poles had to share the same dais, of course, keeping the distance!

12.21 – 2.00 pm: General Secretary presented his report and made some announcements.

24. Medieval section - Krishna reddy chairing

24. Medieval section – Krishna reddy chairing

25. Medieval section - Krishna reddy chairing - section of audience

25. Medieval section – Krishna reddy chairing – section of audience

Sectional presidents and their paper-reading:  The ritual of paper-reading by the sectional presidents started.  The printed booklets of their papers were already given and they would be again printed in the proceedings volume, yet, they had fascination of reading their printed paper faithfully, of course, with the privilege of not allowing any questions or having discussion.

Sectional Head Name of the session Paper presented
Dr D. Satyanarayana Ancient Andhra History and Archaeology Telelangala charitra puryyugam (Telugu)
Prof N. Krisna Reddy Medieval Andhra History Epigraphical Studies at Cross Roads
Dr G. Bhadru Naik Modern Andhra History Rise of Dalit-Bahujan Consciousness in India, 19th and 20th centuries – An overview
Dr V. B. T. Sundari Local History Srikakulam – In the Annals of History.
Dr Janaki Nair Historiography No paper given to the delegates, but, “Notes on a Possible “Historical Temper” in Contemporary India” was given to the delegates.
26. Local history section - Madhusudhan rao presenting a paper

26. Local history section – Madhusudhan rao presenting a paper

Actually, my paper was included in modern, shifted to medieval and finally presented at the Local History section.

27. Local history section - KVR presenting a paper

27. Local history section – KVR presenting a paper

Mamidipudu Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 28: The memorial lecture was delivered by Dr Janaki Nair. Her CV can be viewed here[10] and her typical articles appearing in the newspapers are here – about the Tipu controversy[11], defending Wendy doniger’s book[12], criticizing “smart cities”[13]. Her title of the paper was “Notes on a Possible “Historical Temper” in Contemporary India” and it was printed and circulated among the delegates. She started with “scientific temper” to criticize the session of “Ancient Sciences through Sanskrit” of 102nd ISC, delved upon Ghazi Miyan, Tipu Sultan controversy, history writing of the “Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Sankaalan Yojana”, and concluded with Shahid Amin. Her branding of historians as “metropolitan”, “nationalist”, “secular-nationalist” ………categories has been interesting and provoking.

Janaki Nair JNU

Janaki Nair JNU

The memorial lecture was delivered by Dr Janaki Nair, JNU.

28. Delegates taking dinner 09-01-2016

28. Delegates taking dinner 09-01-2016

Delegates taking dinner 09-01-2016.

29. Delegates taking dinner 09-01-2016

29. Delegates taking dinner 09-01-2016

09-01-2016 (Sunday): The second day proceedings were started by 11 am and there were left over papers read in ancient and modern history sections. After lunch, the business session and Valedictory function were held for formality, as only limited strength. Only about 150 delegates got registered for the session. After the conference, the delegates were dropped at the lodges.

30. KVR with friends Madhusudhana Rao, Gangaiah etc

30. KVR with friends Madhusudhana Rao, Gangaiah etc

I was with friend-delegates.

31. Entrance of the college - RHS

31. Entrance of the college – RHS

Entrance of the college – RHS.

32. Entrance of the college - LHS.

32. Entrance of the college – LHS.

Entrance of the college – LHS – posters with various categories – cinema, evangelization, etc.

33. Ancient history and archaeology section - KVR

33. Ancient history and archaeology section – KVR

Ancient history and archaeology section – KVR

34. Ancient history and archaeology section - Ramakrishna Rao, Harshavardhan etc can be seen

34. Ancient history and archaeology section – Ramakrishna Rao, Harshavardhan etc can be seen

Ancient history and archaeology section – Ramakrishna Rao, Harshavardhan etc can be seen.

35. Ancient history and archaeology section - audience

35. Ancient history and archaeology section – audience

Ancient history and archaeology section – audience

Again “Balaji Lodge” problem: When I returned to “Balaji Lodge”, I was informed by Sastry at the reception that the organizers had paid only for two days and therefore, I should vacate the room. When I pointed out that the local secretary had accepted my staying back on 10th evening, as my train was only the next day, he insisted that I should vacate the room, as they wanted it. So I contacted Dr Mythili and informed the position. She replied that she had forgotten to mention about my staying back and so she asked me to inform him. I requested that it was better that she should talk with him. The cell phone was handed over to him. I did not know what she told him on the other side, when he handed over the cell phone, it was already disconnected! Again, he insisted to vacate the room. So I asked to give some other room. So he gave single room in the ground floor. Thus, I was accommodated there on 1oth night there at Srikakulam. That was the courtesy extended by her to me in spite of my advance-intimation made about my travel-program.

Why delegates should suffer for the conduct of yearly History conferences?: For attending “two days conference”, it is ridiculous for delegates to travel one and half / two days earlier and later with a lot of inconvenience.  And without realizing such inconveniences, it is preposterous to deny accommodation on the second day of the conference. The delegates coming from long distance say from Chennai they had to travel 900 / 1000 kms changing trains. As the conference was held on weekends, that too, on New-year first week coinciding with Christmas and Pongal, it would be very difficult to get railway tickets confirmed for journey. When accommodation was provided one night earlier the conference (08-01-2016), there was no reason for not providing accommodation of the second day (10-01-2016) of the conference. That too, in my case I informed my position two times before coming to Srikakulam and two time after attending conference at the venue and she agreed. But, on 10th evening, I could not find her behaving differently. Anyway, I stayed there and checked out 11th morning to proceed to Samalkot and from there to Chennai by two trains Howrah-Yaswantpura and Circar. Srikakulam has been intriguing and enigmatic city in deed with a lot of mysteries unsolved.

Telengana to return monuments, mss to AP - The Hindu 10-01-2016

Telengana to return monuments, mss to AP – The Hindu 10-01-2016

Telengana should hand over monuments, manuscripts etc to Andhra: On reaching Chennai on 12th morning, when I searched newspapers and internet, I could see only the following news about APHC as reported by “the Hindu” as local news. APHC urged researches and historians to conduct a deep study into the history of the Kalinga Andhra region which had witnessed major developments in the last few centuries. The forum urged the government to extend its support to historians in collecting details and take up research activity in remote places. The Congress concluded its two-day session in Srikakulam on Sunday (10-01-2016). The committee urged Telangana government to handover all documents, manuscripts and important historical books to AP[14]. APHC on Friday (07-01-2016) asked the Telangana government to hand over all documents, manuscripts and important historical books to Andhra Pradesh to enable it to preserve the rich history of the State[15]. It said future generations need to know the historical background of Andhra Pradesh. The association held its 40th meeting here. As many as 200 delegates from all over of the country would chalk out an action plan to preserve the history of Andhra Pradesh. Founder-member of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress Vakulabharanam Ramakrishna expressed concern over the inordinate delay by the Telangana government in handing over historical monuments and other details to A.P. ICHR will organize a book exhibition as part of the two-day event[16]. “The AP government must take initiative to get back those important documents which would help historians to continue their research,” Ramakrishna added[17].

TS urged to hand over rare mss to AP -The Hindu 11-01-2016

TS urged to hand over rare mss to AP -The Hindu 11-01-2016

Can the factors relating to material and non-material culture, tradition, heritage and civilization be divided?: Indians necer heard of historians demanding Pakistan to hand over all monuments, manuscripts, rare books etc., to India at the time of / after partition. IHC or another history forum never bothered about such idea to get mooted or booted. But, now, among the Telugu speaking people, such things have been happening. Outside “Andhrapradesh”, none could yet see or realize that it has been divided into two states, as many of their relatives and friends have been there. But, why then, history or historians should get divided on this issue demanding the share after partition? Can the factors relating to material and non-material culture, tradition, heritage and civilization be divided and parted away?

[1] Every year, this mistake or blunder is carried on, though I pointed out earlier also.

[2] We, from Chennai have problems in mentioning “Madam” and “Amma” in the context, as it denotes only CM, Jeyalalita. Once, poster appeared all over Chennai, “Viskt of Amma to Chennai” [சென்னைக்கு அம்மா விஜயம் / చెన్నై అమ్మ విజయం] and the AIADMK cadres got wild, as rhey came to know that it was the visit of “Mata Amritananda Mayi” to Chennai!

[3] I met him first at avanigadda session, and he has become my best friend and well-wisher. He used to advise about the mode of travel etc., whenever, I visit AP, as I am not familiar with those details. This time, he virtually accomapanied me or I was with him throughout the travel and also at the session.

[4] Golson, Jack. 1995. “What Went Wrong with WAC 3 and an Attempt to Understand Why”.Australian Archaeology, no. 41. Australian Archaeological Association: 48–54.

[5] Here, whether he was referring to India and Pakistan or Andhra and Telengana is subtly revealed.

[6] It is not known as to wher are the “40-50  historians who have come and they are trying to protect” in the context.

[7] Sir Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler, 5000 years history of Pakistan: An archaeological outline, London, 1950. He was in Pakistan during 1949 and 1950, as an archaeological adviser in Pakistan helping to establish the Archaeological department of Pakistan and National Museum of Pakistan at Karachi. As Pakistan paid him, he faithfully wrote such history for Pakistan!


[9]  Romila Thapar, History repeats itself, Guest Column, India Today, July 21, 2014.

[10] Her CV can be seen here –

[11] About Tipu issue

Janaki Nair, The inconvenience of the past, Updated: October 1, 2015 01:10 IST

Janaki Nair, Why the British commemorate Tipu

Written by Janaki Nair | Published:November 20, 2015 12:00 am

[12] Defending the book of Wendy Doniger

[13] criticizing “smart cities”

Janaki Nair, “The City is History”: New Indian Urbanism and the Terrain of the Law, Südasien-Chronik – South Asia Chronicle 4/2014, S. 165-99.

[14] The Hindu, TS urged to hand over rare manuscripts to AP, by Staff Reporter, January 11, 2016, Updated: January 11, 2016 05:48 IST.

[15] The Hindu, AP to Telengana: return historical documents, K. Srinivasa Rao, January 11, 2016, Updated: January 11, 2016 05:48 IST.



The Proceedings of the 39th session of Andhrapradesh History Congress held at Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University, Srisailam campus on January 31st and February 1st 2015

The Proceedings of the 39th session of Andhrapradesh History Congress held at Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University, Srisailam campus on January 31st and February 1st 2015

The Proceedings of the 39th session of Andhrapradesh History Congress held at Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University, Srisailam campus on January 31st and February 1st 2015

1. Srisailam location, map at APSRTC bus-stand, Srisailam

1. Srisailam location, map at APSRTC bus-stand, Srisailam

The Campus of Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University is situated opposite to Shivaji Spoorty Kendra: For the delegates who were coming from other states or from Chennai, Pondicherry, Chittoor and other places, reaching Srisailam had been a tedious journey involving more than 12 to 16 hours road journey, unlike for those who were coming from Hyderabad, Warangal, Kambam, Ongole etc. Most of the people at Srisailam did not know the location of the Campus of Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University (hereinafter mentioned as PSTU). Had the organizers mentioned that it was situated just opposite to Shivaji Spoorty Kendra, it would have been easier for the delegates to reach. From temple side, the hilly areas were leveled by Boukline machines on 30th, when I was walking up to locate the venue of the 39th session of APHC. When I reached after enquiring from many people, the place looked like deserted one. As there were two wheelers and three cars, I assumed that there were people inside the building. Of course, the Dean Sri Appa Rao, the local secretary, Pasala Sudhakar Rao, General Secretary of APHC and other staff members were there. I could meet Drs Chandrasekara Reddy, Babu Rao and others also. I was informed that the proceedings would be held there only.

1. Ganga sadan where I stayed

Ganga sadan where I stayed

Ganga Sadan is the central Reception office of the Srisailam Devasthanams, where rooms are allotted for the devotees coming to Srisailam. Rooms can be booked online also.

2. The junction - temple LHS- APSRTC RHS

The junction – temple LHS- APSRTC RHS

This the junction, from where we can go to the Temple on LHS road, APSRTC bus-stand on RHS and Patalaganga straight.

3.The street leading to the temple

The street leading to the temple

The road on LHS leads to the main temple and it is dotted with many shops on either side. Of course the Chatrams / Pilgrimage staying Houses are there behind.

3. Temple dwajastambam

Temple dwajastambam

The Dwajastambam / flag-mast at the entrance of the temple can be seen.

4. Dwajastambam and nandi

Dwajastambam and nandi

The Dwajasthambam and Nandi – closer view. For PSTU, we have to go on the RHS road.

5. srisailam temple entrance

Srisailam temple entrance

The temple entrance, photography is prohibited thereafter.

6. Going to University campus-the temple gopura and wall can be seen

Going to University campus-the temple gopura and wall can be seen

The RHS road leads to PSTU and I started walking slowly enquiring. The road is rocky and it is levelled.

7. Going through the road-getting levelled on that day

Going through the road-getting levelled on that day

How the road is levelled.

8. Gangabhawani vapaharanamu- on the way to PSTU

Gangabhawani vapaharanamu- on the way to PSTU

“Gangabhawani Vapaharanamu”, Siddharameswaram Sawmy Paddalu, Koneru, Mallannapada Darshana place, and many guest houses could be seen on the way. There have been many gust houses built by the private and government companies, individuals etc on either side of the road, but looked deserted.

9. PSTU board - Shivaji Memorial can be seen on LHS

PSTU board – Shivaji Memorial can be seen on LHS

At last, I reached the road, where the name board of PSTU is there, but in Telugu. It is just opposite to the Shivaji Memorial and it can be seen on LHS.

2. view of PSTU from distance

view of PSTU from distance

View of PSTU from distance.

10. At last reached PSTU- on 30-01-2015

At last reached PSTU- on 30-01-2015

This the front side of the PSTU at Srisailam.

1. A. Appa Rao Local Secretary and P. Sudhakar General Secretary of APHC inside -30-01-2015

A. Appa Rao Local Secretary and P. Sudhakar General Secretary of APHC inside -30-01-2015

When I went inside, I could meet Prof / Dr A. Appa Rao Local Secretary and P. Sudhakar General Secretary of APHC in their room. They confirmed that the conference would held there only and preparations might start from the evening. After some time, I returned to Ganga sadan.

The Campus of Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University getting ready for the 31stsession of APHC: The place can be reached from the right-hand side of the temple through a rough road. This route has been tedious for aged people above 60 or those who have problems with legs. “Gangabhawani Vapaharanamu”, Siddharameswaram Sawmy Paddalu, Koneru, Mallannapada Darshana place, and many guest houses could be seen on the way. Besides the accommodation provided by the Devasthanam , there have been many Choultries, guest houses etc., built and maintained by the Caste organizations. The delegates were accommodated in the Reddy Choultry opposite to Ganga Sadan, the Central Reception office of the Devasthanam and the APSRTC Bus-stand on the backside. As usual others were accommodated in different nearby and convenient locations, according to their choice or other modalities. On 30thnight, the samiana / tent were put up and other arrangements were slowly made. Four rooms were marked for the ancient, medieval, historiography and local histories and the main podium samiana space for modern.

Inauguration on 31-01-2015 (Saturday): On the 31st, the registration counters were ready for the job as usual. The breakfast was delayed and the delegates could have it by 10 am and there were none to inform about anything. It was served upstairs on the backside of the building. The registration was also done. The inaugural invocatory recitals were rendered by the Pundit and students of the Virasaiva Gurukulam situated next to Shivaji Memorial and opposite to the campus. The inaugural session went on as usual with routine formalities of lighting the lamp (it was mentioned as “lamping the light” and then corrected[1]), handing over of charges, reading reports, garlanding the guests etc.

16. PSTU dedicated to - by NTR on 10-04-1986

PSTU dedicated to – by NTR on 10-04-1986

The PSTU was dedicated … the former CM, N. T. Rama Rao on 10-04-1986, a Ugadhi day!

15. PSTU -dept.of history, culture-inagurated on 8-2-1989

PSTU -dept.of history, culture-inagurated on 8-2-1989

The School of History, Culture and archaeology was established in 1987, the building completed and inaugurated on 08-02-1989. At that time, the 13th session of APHC was hosted.

13. registration started on 31-02-2015

registration started on 31-02-2015

Registration of the delegates started on 31-01-2015 in the rooms situated on  LHS after entering the campus.

14. Delegate fees collected -31

Delegate fees collected -31

The delegate fees payment – Dr Chandrasekara Reddy can be seen.

17. Breakfast on 31-01-2015-10 am APHC

Breakfast on 31-01-2015-10 am APHC

Breakfast served by the volunteers, Pongal and Vadai!

18. Breakfast on 31-01-2015-10 am -volunteers, APHC.

Breakfast on 31-01-2015-10 am -volunteers, APHC.

More volunteers…………………..

19. APHC office bearers relaxing before inaguration-31

APHC office bearers relaxing before inaguration-31

APHC office bearers relaxing before inauguration, perhaps discussing also!



Inaguration function – K. Srinivasulu, B. P. Sahu, Adapa Satyanarayana, E. Siva Reddy, Tomas Ayya, G. V. Ramakrishna Rao, M. Venkateswara Rao.

21. Prayer by the Pundit and students of Veerasaiva Gurukulam-31

Prayer by the Pundit and students of Veerasaiva Gurukulam-31

Prayer by the Pundit and students of Veerasaiva Gurukulam, situated on RHS of the Shivaji Memorial.

22. Audience on 31st -inagural session

Audience on 31st -inagural session

Section of the audience on 31st -inaugural session RHS from the dais.

23. Audience on 31st -inagural session.LHS

Audience on 31st -inagural session.LHS

Section of the audience on 31st -inaugural session LHS from the dais.

As per the printed invitation, Professors / Drs Adapa Satyanarayana would preside over, Pasala Sudhakar deliver and Elluri Sivareddy grace as chief guest and the guests of honours would be Sri / Prof / Dr Buddha Rajasekhar Reddy, MLA, Srisailam Constituency; P. Vidhyaprakash, VC in-chrge Rayalaseema university; K. Venkatachalam, Vice-charman, Telengana State Council of higher Education; K. Sagarababu, Executive Officer, Srisaila Devasthanam;  and N. Narashimham, Dy Commissioner of commercial tax, Kadapa, but except Vijayaprakash none turned up and he also attended late.

Some delay for inauguration: Initially the inaugural function was held up, as the organizers were expecting the local MLA. Later, as there was power cut, it was delayed further. A. Appa Rao, K. Srinivasulu, B. K. Sahu, Satyanarayana, P. Sudhakar, E. Siva Reddy, Thomas Ayya, G. V. Ramakrishna Rao, M. Venkateswara Rao and A. Gurumurthy were on the dias and later Vijayaprakash joined. P. Sudhakar, in his report expressed his anxious that the organization should be protected to continue, as it was facing a crucial time. The local people or the people from Andhra might have understood what he was talking about, but, for the persons coming from other state, it was intriguing and perplexing.

  1. Siva Reddy[2] (11.36-12.48 pm): He pointed out that APHC session was hosted by the University for the second time. He would oppose to those who objected to the conduct of the conference there in Srisailam. Pointing out several lacunae in history writing, he said that Mahabharata could be story, but not Kakatiyas; origins of Satavahanas, Ikshvahus were stlil in mystery; there were many gaps in history; culturally and traditionally all Telugu speaking people are one, but now divided; He asked as to whether history was to unite or divide people. Historians have to decide as to whether they are going to write Telengana history or Andhra history. History cannot be biased and historians should not entangled with the webs of ideology. “If we talk about Samprahaya, can we dubbed as RSS or VHP?”, he asked. Jains wrote their own Ramayana only to denigrate Rama, writing that Rama married his sister Sita. There should be academic honesty and not academic dishonesty. Many historians are writing histories without mentioning the sources or acknowledging the work done by others knowingly. Very often “Karnataka Sangeetham” is mentioned, but why “Karnataka” is mentioned is not explained.

Vijayprakash (12.00-12.48 pm: By that time as Vijayaprakash came, he was called to the dais. Excusing himself for coming delay, he also expressed himself that he had not come prepared with any paper. As history subject became redundant in the present-day context, historians should do something for it. As because of construction work  and other infrastructure development works have been taking place, 6-track roads laid, the earth surface is continuously disturbed and many archaeological treasures are disappearing. As such activities would go on more and more I coming days, historians should pass an resolution and submit to the government that they should take concern about the archaeological evidences, in their digging activities, so that the evidences are not destroyed or vanished. Mentioning about the credit system introduced, he pointed out how Smriti Irani has made that even engineering and other professional students should taken subjects like history as optional subject[3].

Adapa Satyanarayana (12.49-12.22 pm)[4]: As a General presidential address, he started talking about conversion and activities carried on by the Christian missionaries. They used the Vemana’s writings against the Brahmanical Hinduism. He declared that his paper becomes relevance in the context of “Garvapasi” conversions talking place at the behest of the Hindutva forces under the present BJP government. He held that Mahatma Gandhi view about conversion exactly matches with the present-day Hindutva forces. However, Ambedkar differed from Gandhi. Ambedkar perspective reflects certain aspects of Marxian characterization of lower class religion as a potential vehicle for protest consciousness. He appreciated the excellent conversion work done by the Christian missionaries. He claimed that 80% dalits preferred to get converted to Christianity. In the Nizam dominion, there was never a communal riot, whereas, after that there communal riots, because of the Hindutva forces. According to Christian ideology, he declared that, “The Hindu way of life for caste and exclusiveness, the Christian way of life for catholicity and inclusiveness”. He deviated from his submitted paper (printed and circulated) and delved upon politicized controversial issues. It seems he has been in the habit of involved in such controversies[5].

Discussion with Adapa Sathyanarahyana: After his “reading of his paper”, I went to him and pointed out that the word “Dalit is neither legal nor Constitutional”[6], as the National commission for scheduled Caste pointed out and issued a Circular to that effect directing the states not use such expression[7]. The Soosai v. Union of India, AIR 1986 SC 733 judgment delivered by the Supreme Court[8], clearly pointing out the legal position that the SC benefit would not be available to the SCs, if they get converted to other religions other than Hindu, as per the Constitution. When we were discussing, suddenly V. Ramakrishna came and took him away, evidently to stop our discussion.

12.22 to 1.04 pm: The proceedings volume of 38th session was released by Sivareddy, followed by the “vote of thanks” as a matter of routine. Actually, it was announced that all should assemble back after a tea-break, but suddenly, when tea was taking, again it was announced that all go on for lunch. After lunch, the sessions were held as mentioned in the respective rooms.

Sl. No Sectional President Prof / Dr
1 Ancient India G. V. Ramakrishna Rao
2 Medieval Andhra history K. Srinivasulu
3 Modern Andhra history M. Venkateswara Rao
4 Historiography B. P. Sahu
5 Local History A. Gurumurthy

The Mamidipudi Venkata Rangaiah Memorial lecture was delivered by Prof B. P. Sahu, New Delhi during the evening. This would be included in the proceedings volume to be released next year[9].

Valedictory function on 01-02-2015 (Sunday): Morning, the paper reading sessions continued. There were lively discussion about the papers presented. After lunch, the valedictory function was held. As per the printed invitation, the Valedictory function, Prof / Dr / Sri P. Apparao would preside over the function; Mandali Buddha Prasad grace as Chief Guest; and guests of honour G. Tatireddy, General Secretary, Ahhila Bharatiya Redla Sankshema Samakya; Immadisetti. Koteswara, All India Arya Vysya Anna satra Sangham; T. Rameshchandrabose, Kakatiya Kamma Sangham; and former deans – K. Thimma Reddy, D. Bhaskara Murthy, A. Gurumurthy, D. R. Raju, P. Chenna Reddy, R. Chandrasekara Reddy. After the function, the delegates started disbursing and going to bus-stand to reach t heir destinations.

“The Hindu” gives the politics behind the dilemma of the existence of “Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University” campus at Srisailam: Interestingly, “The Hindu” has given some details about the politics behind the dilemma of the existence of “Sree Potti Sriramulu Telugu University” campus at Srisailam. They are appended in the following paragraphs without changing any word. Only suitable captions have been given, that too, taking words and expressions from the news paper reports.

Widing up, watering down of and waging war for Srisailam centre[10]: The fate of Telugu University branch in History and Archaeology at Srisailam has been hanging in balance with the proposal to shift the Telugu University to Rajahmundry. According to reports, a high-level meeting of the Potti Sriramulu Telugu University at Hyderabad on 12-04-2014 (Wednesday) explored the possibility of shifting the University and its branches to Rajahmundry. The litterateurs and educationists who have been closely following the activities of the History Peetham at Srisailam sharply reacted to the development saying the spirit of the university was watered down by the bureaucratic professors of the university from time to time. Former Chief Minister N.T. Rama Rao envisaged the Telugu university to be located at Srisailam to offer courses in ancient studies in 1987. However, the bureaucrats changed it into three centres devoting the folk arts to Warangal, Telugu Peetham at Rajahmundry and history at Srisailam. But the head quarters of the University was located at Hyderabad. The university authorities were in dilemma with the bifurcation of the State. The head quarters and the Warangal centre might go the way of Telangana State, who would also rename the university deleting the prefix “Potti Sriramulu”.

The bureaucratic professors, professionally biased historians and others crearing problems:  Several attempts were made in the past to shift the Srisailam centre to Hyderabad but the opposition from the local politicians forced the officers to drop the idea[11]. Another move was made to shift the centre to Kurnool on the ground that more courses could be introduced. Shifting of the centre to Kurnool had no much opposition. Educationist and socialite K.C. Kalkura who opposed the idea of winding up the centre said the Peetham should be shifted to Kurnool to be developed as university of Environmental and Ethnic studies while the existing facility at Srisailam should be used for accommodating the visiting students who need to stay at Srisailam as part of study of diversity of Nallamala forest. He said the policy makers should be careful in taking any decision in future knowing the fact the unequal development and unilateral way of functioning led to division of the state and such mistakes should not be done in future.

The responses appearing in “The Hindu” have been interesting: Venkat commented, “What a tragedy we are in. Splitting the place, splitting the people, splitting the culture and splitting the education system… What reasons are our so called leaders quoting? for better future!!! A future without unity can never be a role model. God forgive these interventionists or so called revolutionists for their historical  blunder.”; raghu ram, “As major number of colleges and universities are there in and around Rajahmundry and Kakinada, it should be better to move Telugu University to West godavari district”;  Ramadatta, “Not only Potti Sriramulu University but all those educational institutions started from 1956 onwards should be shifted to suitable
places in the residuary Andhra Pradesh urgently so that Telangana state can impart its rich history and cultural heritage like ‘bonalu, bathukamma’ the rule of Nizam and his ancestors under the guidance great academicians like Kodandaram. For Telangana people OU is sufficient to cater their needs in resorting to all types of hooliganism and pressure tactics and for academicians spending their teaching time for achieving their personal agenda.”:

Renaming of the University in the political game[12]: The Telangana government might soon issue orders changing the name of the Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University, in the aftermath of the State bifurcation. The names of Suravaram Prathap Reddy and Bammera Pothana are in the reckoning for renaming of the university soon after the division of assets and staff. Sources from the university seeking anonymity inform that the government is mulling the two names, with more emphasis on Suravaram Prathap Reddy, the renowned social historian, writer and father of the CPI’s National General Secretary, Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy. The name of Pothana, a much celebrated classical poet from Telangana, has surfaced to match with the spirit of Adikavi Nannaya University in Rajahmundry. The rechristening, if it happens, will be the second such for the university since its establishment in 1985. It was first named merely as Telugu University which was changed to Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University in 1998. The Vice-Chancellor of the university, E. Siva Reddy, however, said he was unaware of the name change proposals.

Bifurcation of the Andhra State or of Telugu people without caring for culture, tradition and heritage?: Nevertheless, division of the university is imminent, and clarity in this regard may be expected in a couple of months, he said. “It is as yet unclear how the division would be done, or how the assets would be distributed[13]. It may be done based on the geographical location of the respective schools associated with the university,” Dr. Reddy surmised. The university has 40 acres each in two locations of Andhra Pradesh, namely Rajahmundry and Srisailam, where the new headquarters for A.P. might come up after bifurcation. The university’s premises housing School of Classical Dance at Kuchipudi, School of History, Culture and Archaeology at Srisailam, and the School of Telugu Literary Studies at Rajahmundry might be allotted to Andhra Pradesh, while the School of Language Development, School of Fine Arts, and School of Social and Other Sciences, which are being run at the headquarters in Nampally, and the School of Folk and Tribal Lore in Warangal, may be retained by Telangana.

The responses appearing for this report in “The Hindu” have been interesting[14]. Jararam Jararam from POMPANO BEACH noted, “We now have two Telugu kingdoms!”; Helen   from CARLISLE commented, “Renaming is not the solution. They need to work on the inferiority complex of the human mind before all these external ways of boosting their ego. These are just cheap tactics to show the power. One will not be surprised if the leaders of Telangana change their language from Telugu to some other name if they could. They could change whatever externally; let us see how they can change themselves internally. These cheap tactics will only alienate the others who are major contributors for the development of the region. Slowly, the whole area will come down….even if they call themselves living in Heaven.”;a.t.b.t.prasad  from BANGALORE,”  ‘bammera Pothana” is good for telugu university, hyd”; Gautham  from AUDUBON, “The Hyderabad airport also must be renamed – to ‘Rani Rudrama Devi’ International Airport or ‘Kakatiya’ International Airport. All these years the name ‘Kakatiya’ got relegated to things related only to Warangal, while it was Kakatiyas who originally unified Telugu speaking kingdoms to give the identity we have today.”; JKM Rao  from FREDERICK, “Though he passed away after fasting for the creation of the Andhra state, Potti Sriramulu was a freedom fighter, an ardent follower of the Mahatma. The Mahatma himself liked him immensely and is said to have made a remark that if there were more like Potti Sriramulu, he would have obtained freedom from the British in no time. Just because the state is bifurcated, is it necessary to show disrespect to the memory of a nonviolent freedom fighter by unceremoniously casting his name aside?”.

Andhra, Telengana and Seemandhra: It is evident that the politics of bifurcate ion of Andhrapradesh and the subsequent developments have been affecting the academic institutions with vested interests operating at various levels. The teaching and non-teaching staff of Universities, colleges, schools and connected establishments have been polarized politically and ideologically too, as revealed through the speeches and actions of the concerned persons. Such bias has already disturbing the Telugu speaking people. The 40th session of APHC might settle the issues.

[1] Of course, that is also correct in a way, as Candle lamp is used to light the wicks of the traditional lamp. As the lamp has limited wicks, many times, the VIPs would lamp the wick, i.e, burning wick again and again posing for videos and cameras and sometimes for second time also, if the videographers and photographers miss the occasion of a particular VIP. In other words, “the lighting the lamp” has been so ritualized in inaugural sessions. With the secular or communal twist, nowadays, it is avoided also either by some VIPs or the organizers themselves!

[2] Former head of department of Telugu at University College of Arts and Social Sciences at Osmania University, Professor Elluri Siva Reddy has been appointed the vice-chancellor of Potti Sriramulu Telugu University, Hyderabad. He has a rich academic experience spanning over three decades. He has also served as a member of the civil services syllabus committee for UPSC. He won the Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academy award for his book ‘Suravaram Pratapa Reddy Jeevitam – Sahityam’ in 1972. He is a poet, writer, critic and commentator of Telugu literature and is considered an authority on Indian mythological text, Mahabharata.


[4] When checked with his printed version of his paper, “Religious conversion and social justice: Dalit Christians in Seemandhra and Telengana”, there was no such political overtones. Therefore, it is not understood why he had such outbursts against the present government and his grudge against the so-called “Hindutva forces”, by being a responsible historian.

[5] The Hindu, Speakers for beef in hostel menu, Hyderabad, April.2, 2012, A seminar on ‘Democracy and Food Culture’, organised by different student organisations on the English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU) campus strongly argued for introducing beef in the hostel menu given its nutritious value and the cultural aspects attached to beef consumption. Speakers including Professors Kancha Ilaiah, Bangya Bhukya, Mutaiah, Adapa Satyanarayana, Simhadri and Gali Vinod expressed views that beef eating was part of the Indian culture and it should reflect in the campus hostels. Not including beef was a violation of basic human rights was the other argument. Prof. Simhadri said that not allowing beef in educational campuses was legitimising untouchability. Prof. Bangya Bhukya said that there were many references to beef eating in Manu Smruthi and quoted several shlokas to support his argument. Prof. Veena Shatrugna from the National Institute of Nutrition said beef had more nutritive values than any other food. Gogu Shyamala, Dalit writer, said beef was the richest source of developing milk in women and it was still practiced in villages. Student leaders Sandeep Patil, Satish, Shankar, Seetaram, Mohan, Shetty, Ashok and Sudharshan took the initiative.

[6] Times of India, Dalit word is unconstitutional: Scheduled Caste Commission,  PTI | Jan 18, 2008, 03.46PM IST ; The National Commission for Scheduled Castes has asked the state governments not to use the word ‘Dalit’ in official documents, saying the term was “unconstitutional”. The Commission has stated that sometimes the word ‘Dalit’ is used as a substitute for Scheduled Caste in official documents, sources in State Tribal Department said on 17-01-2008 (Friday). After consultation with the legal department, the Commission said that the word is neither constitutional nor the word has been mentioned in the current laws.

[7] Rather ‘Scheduled Caste’ is the appropriate and notified word as per the Article 341 of the Constitution, it said in a letter sent to all states. Acting upon the order, the Chhattisgarh government has directed district collectors and its departments not to use ‘Dalit’ word in their documents, they said. Acting upon the order, the Chhattisgarh government has directed District Collectors and its departments not to use ‘Dalit’ word in their documents, they said.

[8] Supreme Court of India – Soosai Etc vs Union Of India And Others on 30 September, 1985; Equivalent citations: 1986 AIR 733, 1985 SCR Supl. (3) 242; Author: R Pathak; Bench: Pathak, R.S.;            PETITIONER: SOOSAI ETC.       Vs. RESPONDENT: UNION OF INDIA AND OTHERS; DATE OF JUDGMENT30/09/1985;

[9] The venue of the 40th session has not been decided because of the bifurcation of the state and other related issues.

[10] Special Correspondent, Fate of Telugu University branch hangs in balance,  The Hindu, Kurnool, March 13, 2014.


[12] V. Swati, Telugu University may be renamed after Suravaram,  The Hindu, Kurnool, August, 28 2014.



The proceedings of 38th session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress (APHC) 2014 held at Tirupati

The proceedings of 38th session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress (APHC) 2014 held at Tirupati

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam - myself and Dr Aravinda Kumar, Dravidian University, Kuppam

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam – myself and Dr Aravinda Kumar, Dravidian University, Kuppam

The Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University hosted the APHC: The 38th session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress (APHC) was held at Tirupati on 4th and 5th of January 2014 and hosted by the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology (mentioned as AIHC & A) of Sri Venkateswara University (mentioned as S. V. University[1]). When I reached the venue on 3rd evening, I could find only 20-30 delegates had arrived. Thus, the delegates were accommodated at the Reddy Bhawanam, Karakambadi (Mangalam) Road, Timminaidu Palem, Tirupati which is 6-7 kms away from the venue of the proceedings of APHC. This was the same place, where I stayed when I came here to attend the Conference organized by the Indian Institute for the American Studies in July 2013. From Railway station and Bus-stand, the delegates were received on 3rd evening onwards and taken to the venue, where registration was done and food provided. The volunteers had been very active in taking the delegates to the venue.

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam - delegates coming out

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam – delegates coming out

Dr Sambaiah and others can be seen.

IHC trends seen in APHC?: On 3rd evening something happened at the time dinner made me to recollect what had happened at the IHC session held at Calcutta. When one student of History department tried to take food that was objected by another leading to some unpleasant incidence[2]. The Governor of West Bengal hosted dinner at the lawns of Victoria Memorial Hall. They started gathering waiting for the food. When the food came, the so-called historians, history professors, teachers and others virtually pounced on the food trays. At that time I attended the Conference with my office friends S/Sri Sridharan, Perumal, Tiruvengadam and others[3]. Of course, we had been life members of IHC. The uruly behaviour appeared strange to us and therefore, we started controlling them by asking to stand in the queue, distributing the plates and started serving. After half an hour, some persons started running towards us and asked why we were doing the serving. We explained, then, they identified themselves that they had to that job! The point is that historians talk so many things about equality, social justice, and egalitarian society and so on. But when it comes for practicing, they behave differently.

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam - delegates coming out

Entrance to the Reddy Bhawanam – delegates coming out

Bus came to pick up the delegates.

Delegates in bus - proceeding to the venue

Delegates in bus – proceeding to the venue

Inauguration at “Srinivasam Hall” (04-01-2014):  Even on 4th morning, the strength of the delegates had been less as compared to the previous sessions. Obviously, because of the “Telingana issue”, there was bundh on 3rd and thus, the local delegates could not have arrived at on 3rd or 4th. Perhaps, the delegates from “Telengana” might have avoided also, as many other familiar faces were missing. Even after breakfast and assembled at the “Srinivasam Hall”, the delegates numbers were only 32. Suddenly, two bus-loads of students arrived and they were made to stand either side of the entrance with flowers in their hands. More students arrived occupying the chairs and thus suddenly, the auditorium appeared full within an hour. The session was inaugurated by Prof L. Venugopal Reddy[4], Chairman of Andhra Pradesh State Commissioner for Higher Education (APSCHE) at the “Srinivasam Hall” nearby. The Hall has been huge one could accommodate perhaps about 1000, but most of the seats have been in bad condition – hand-rests removed, torn, and so also seats[5]. The delegates were welcomed by Prof N. Krishna Reddy, details briefed by P. Bhaskar Reddy and message given by Kiran Kranth Chudary. The Annual Report was presented by Pasala Sudhakar, the General Secretary. Padmashri K. Paddayya, Former Director, Deccan College, Deemed University, Pune was installed as the president of the current session. In the list, Prof Kesavan Veluthat was give presidential remarks, but he did not turn up[6].  As the delegates were few, local school and college students were brought to fill the big auditorium, but some of them were creating noise, indulged in shouting and whistling and booing too. At one stage, Prof L. Venugopal Reddy told that the place was not theatre and they could not respond in such a way. The professors were seen running towards the students and tried to control the shouting students. Instead of making to gathering of such uninterested crowd, they could have arranged a small hall to accommodate the delegates and others who were interested, so that such type of aberrations could have been avoided.

Entrance to the department of AIHC & A

Entrance to the department of AIHC & A

The the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University (mentioned as S. V. University.

Kiran Kranth Chaudary welcoming at the entrance of the building of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology  of Sri Venkateswara University.

Kiran Kranth Chaudary welcoming Aravindakumar at the entrance of the building of the Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University.

A. R. Ramachandra Reddy, Venkata Ramana Reddy, Jawahar Lal and others also can be seen.

The food problem

The food problem

V. Ramakrishna, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, Venkata Ramana Reddy and others can be seen.

V. Ramakrishna, Venkataramana Reddy, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhakar

V. Ramakrishna, Venkataramana Reddy, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhakar

Historians V. Ramakrishna, Venkata Ramana Reddy, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, Pasala Sudhakar can be seen.

Srinivasam Hall entrance - where inauguration was held

Srinivasam Hall entrance – where inauguration was held

Srinivasam Hall entrance – where inauguration was held.

Beautiful Rangoli / Kolam drawn at the entrance of Srinivasam Hall

Beautiful Rangoli / Kolam drawn at the entrance of Srinivasam Hall

Beautiful Rangoli / Kolam drawn at the entrance of Srinivasam Hall – Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology – Andhra Pradesh History Congress – Welcome to delegates – can be seen in colours!

Students lined up on either side of the entrance to receive the VIPs with flowers showering!

Students lined up on either side of the entrance to receive the VIPs with flowers showering!

Students lined up on either side of the entrance to receive the VIPs with flowers showering! Till 10.30 am none was there, but then the students came, as pointed out in the write-up.

Welcome to delegates - banner

Welcome to delegates – banner

Banner put up on the RHS of the Srinivasam Hall – welcoming the delegates and guests of APHC.

Audience during the inaugural function

Audience during the inaugural function

Students filled hall can be seen.

Audience during the inaugural function - another view

Audience during the inaugural function – another view

VIPS yet to come – Audience during the inaugural function – another view.

Now VIPS occupied the stage

Now VIPS occupied the stage

K. Paddayya, L. Venugopal Reddy, W. Rajendra, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhkar on the stage.

Now VIPS occupied the stage - another view

Now VIPS occupied the stage – another view

Bhaskara Reddy, K. Paddayya, L. Venugopal Reddy, W. Rajendra, Kiran Kranth Chaudary, P. Sudhkar on the stage.

section of the audience

section of the audience

Many VIPs, SIHC members can be seen.

Audience stood up to respect Telugu Mother invocation song

Audience stood up to respect Telugu Mother invocation song

Audience stood up to respect Telugu Mother through the invocation song.


Can the ritualization of Inauguration can be reduced?: The inaugural function ended by 2.00 pm with the speeches of VIPs, office bearers and Sectional Presidents. As I have been attending this type of conferences since 1983, I do not find any difference and everything went on as usual. Mentioning names, praising others, receiving shawls, mementos, posing for photographs and video …………all have become routine. The speakers also talk traditionally without adopting the current methods of presentation. They could use “Power-point” to convey more to the audience than the one hour long speech. Thus, perhaps, here they had taken a long time for the inaugural session to conclude. As the session had gone beyond lunch time, there were delegates found taking food already. The inaugural session is highly ritualized in almost all History Congresses. In Cuttack, the IHC was rather politicized also. Thus, it is evident that historian have been drifting away from their academic pursuits.


Modern Andhra History section

Modern Andhra History section

Modern Andhra History section – president Bhangya Bukya, Kanakaratnam and others can be seen.

Modern Andhra History section - audience

Modern Andhra History section – audience

Modern Andhra History section – audience

KVR presenting paper

KVR presenting paper

K. V. Ramakrishna Rao presenting his paper – Modern Andhra History section – president Bhangya Bukya and others can be seen.

Modern Andhra History section - audience another view

Modern Andhra History section – audience another view

Modern Andhra History section – audience another view.

Paper-reading sessions: After lunch, the paper-reading sessions started. The following sessions were held with the Sectional presidents as shown against each:

Sl. No




Where held

1 Ancient Andhra History and Archaeology Prof K. Venkatachalam, Registrar, Parmar University AIHC and Museum Hall
2 Medieval Andhra History and culture Victor Babu Dr B. R. Ambedkar University, Lucknow Psychology seminar Hall
3 Modern Andhra History Dr Bhangya Bukya EFLU, Hyderabad Arts Block Auditorium
4 Local History Dr  J. Sujana Mallika RJD, Intermediate Bosard, Tirupati English class room
5 Historiography Dr K A Manikumar Retd. History Prof, Tirunelveli English class room

Significantly, in Modern Section, the sectional chairman Dr Bhangya Bukya EFLU, Hyderabad was responding to every paper and offering critical, encouraging and constructive comments and suggestions. He was also point out that paper-presenters should not simply present the facts culled from newspapers, secondary sources and archives materials, but offer their new findings and the conceptual, textual and non-textual interpretations to bring out their point of view. There was lively discussion on certain papers dealing with current affairs and controversial issues.


 Prof Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26 was delivered by Retd. History Prof. K A Manikumar

Prof Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26 was delivered by Retd. History Prof. K A Manikumar

Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26: This year Prof Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiah Memorial Lecture – 26 was delivered by Retd. History Prof. K A Manikumar on “Impact of British colonialism on different social classes in 19th century Madras Presidency” on 4th evening at the Srinivasam Hall. Then also some students were making noise and Manikumar told that “it was not inaugural function, if they did not want, they could go out of the hall”!  I had many occasions to listen to K A Manikumar in other seminars and conferences.  It was followed by the cultural programme. There was problem with Sound-system that delayed the paper-presentation of K A Manikumar that continued and affected the effective performance of the artists during the cultural programme also. Incidentally, one professor from the Archaeology Department was also part of the Music troupe and he was rendering classical songs rhythmically. Thus, archaeologist could also exhibit other talents besides digging. After dinner, it was reported that the Executive Committee meeting was held till 11.30pm.


cultural programme

cultural programme

Cultural programme presented by the Archaeology department staff

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food

APHC 2014 delegates queued for food

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food.

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food

APHC 2014 delegates queued for food

APHC  2014 delegates queued for food – another view.

APHC 2014  Adapa with Sivakumar Aruni ICHR

APHC 2014 Adapa with Sivakumar Aruni ICHR

Adapa with Sivakumar Aruni ICHR – enjoying food and discussing.

APHC 2014  Ramachandra Reddy eating and enjoying with his collegues

APHC 2014 Ramachandra Reddy eating and enjoying with his colleagues

Ramachandra Reddy eating and enjoying with his colleagues.

delegates taking food

delegates taking food

Sivakumar Aruni, Kanakaratnam and others taking food.

Ezhilraman with K. V. Ramakrishna Rao

Ezhilraman with K. V. Ramakrishna Rao

Proceedings of the second day (05-01-2014): On 5th (the second day), the paper reading sessions continued. After lunch, in a programme held at the Arts Block auditorium, some historians were facilitated and it was sponsored by the Department of Ancient History, Culture and Archaeology of Sri Venkateswara University. The following historians were honoured:

  1. C. V. Ramachandra Rao
  2. O. Sambaiah
  3. A. Sathyanarayana
  4. Durga Prasad
  5. N. S. Ramachandramurthy
  6. Jawaharlal
  7. Soma Reddy
  8. Bhaskara Reddy.

The business session was also held there after the facilitation function. About the next venue of the APHC, nothing was decided, as none came forward so far to host and therefore, it would be considered later. In short, the 38th session of APHC was concluded quickly just like years passing on. We meet again and again.

[1] It is surprising me note in other cases, specifically the adjectives / titles are mentioned faithfully, though not relevant (even after retirement, resignation etc), but here, the name of the University is shortened, though it is short and mentioned differently.

[2] Later some technical objection was raised that he was not registered as delegate. In fact, at that time, none was registered delegates, as it was done later.

[3] We are all from the Central Excise department interested in history and thus became life members immediately. In fact, in the case of Sridharan, he had passed competitive exams and gone to Income Tax from Excise and again from Income tax to Customs with his interest in “History and other related studies”.

[5] Later, during cultural programme, one student wearing yellow colour shirt with black stripes sitting in the front seat of third row on LHS viewing from the stage, caved in as his seat fell down! Then he moved to first seat of the first row on LHS as mentioned.

[6] He was attending Indian History Congress held at Cuttack from 28th to 30th December. At that time I could see many delegates from Andhrapradesh also.

The 37th session of Andhra Pradesh Annual History Conference, Avanigadda

The 37th session of Andhra Pradesh Annual History Conference, Avanigadda


The 37th session of Andhra Pradesh Annual History Conference was held at Avaigannda, Krishna district, Andhrapradesh. It was hosted by the Sri Mandali Venkata Krishna Rao College of education, Gandhi Khetram, Avanigadda, is the headquarters of Divi Taluk situated 38 kms east of Masulipatnam and 7 kms from Repalle. The delegates were received from the Vijayawada Railway station and Bus-stand and taken to Avanigadda by bus taking three hours journey.


As the place of session had been situated at a remote place, the strength of delegates had been less as compared to the earlier sessions. Yet, the organizers could manage to the three hundred delegates arrived from different parts of Andhra, Tamilnadu and Pondicherry. Mandali Venkatram, the Local secretary has been a young man, but could manage the entire show. Perhaps, for the first time, I could see a Youngman managing the proceedings of a history session.

Punnam Raju - chairman - SSFECT

The hospitality was shared by many personalities of which, Sri Punnam Raju[1], Secretary / Correspondent of Sri Sunflower College of Engineering & Technology[2] provided accommodation and Sri Mandali Buddha Prasad[3], local Congress leader and chairman of Telugu Sahitha Academy food and other facilities.

Sun flower Engineering college - on LHS hostel accommodation

The delegates were accommodated at the hostels of engineering college and school run by Sri Sunflower Educational Society.


The inauguration was done at the auditorium of Gandhi Khetram, Avanigadda and the Supreme Court Judge Justice Jasti Chelameswar inaugurated the conference on 5th morning. Hyderabad Central University Vice-Chancellor Ramakrishna Ramaswamy, Bharata Sahitya Academy secretary K. Srinivasa Rao and other spoke. The recollection of the Judge about the preserving and disposal of “historical documents and monuments” had been interesting and thought provoking.


He also recalled the services of the great king Sri Krishnadevarayalu for Telugu literature[4]. But, it was a great concern that the history was neglected a lot, he said.

Mr. Buddhaprasad said that the land of Telugu and the language has a glorious past. Many historic temples are located in Diviseema, which was also the birthplace of Siddendrayogi, Pingali Venkaiah and other great poets…….The government should present awards to the great historians, who served the motherland, he said and asked the delegates to spread the message on the importance of Telugu culture, tradition and language to one and all. Researchers spoke on ancient history, medieval history, modern history and on local history. Prof Kesavan Veluthat[5], University of Delhi was the General President of the session replacing Prof R. Soma Reddy. Prof. Kesavan Veluthat’s address was “Regional history in the making of regions”.

After the ritual of inauguration, the technical session of paper reading started and the Sectional Presidents as usual started reading their papers from the printed booklets, which were customarily circulated to all delegates as follows:

Sl.No Period Sectional president Title of the paper presented
1 Ancient Andhra history and archaeology Prof V. Menakumari Architecture in Andhradesa: A brief study
2 Medieval Prof Kiran Kranth Choudary Tax terms – Vijayanagara period
3 Modern Prof E. Sudharani Exploring women’s history during Asaf Jahis: Initial reflections and prospects.
4 Historiography Prof B. Surendra Rao Why Historiography?
5 Local History Dr G. V. Purnachandu Prachina Krishna tiram (Ancent Krishna Region – a Relook) – maru chupu (in Telugu)

They read their papers in theie respective sessions followed by the presentation of papers by the professors, lecturers, researchers and students of history.

Sl.No Period Sectional president No. Of papers presented
1 Ancient Andhra history and archaeology Prof V. Menakumari 13
2 Medieval Prof Kiran Kranth Choudary 21
3 Modern Prof E. Sudharani 42
4 Historiography Prof B. Surendra Rao 2
5 Local History Dr G. V. Purnachandu 25

557 entrance of the venue


Inside the venue – LHS – History exhibition (hidden); backside – book exhibition; RHS – the auditorium where inauguration and valedictory functions were held.


The following have been my observations. The judge was sitting, whereas, Soma Reddy next to him seen sit cross-legged.


The judge was looking at him, making observations, expressions on the face etc., but he could not understand or otherwise!


So he too had lift his leg and do like his RHS man doing!


Earlier, he was making several gestures to make him understand perhaps!


567, 243, 244 – The was looking at him for his mannerism as both the historians sitting on his left (Kesavan Veluthat) and right (Soma Reddy) were sitting cross-legged;


254 – after some time judge also sit cross-legged, and the left-side historian sit normally now!


568 – children sitting depicting different historical personalities of India.


569 – same as above another view


558 – the Gandhi statue both hands broken placed backside, RHS of the book exhibition


559 – same as above – another view – perhaps, he could have been accommodated elsewhere in the “Gandhi-khetram”!


Inauguration of photo-exhibition


115 – inauguration of History exhibition  by the judge


137 – book exhibition – telugu books


150 – book exhibition – ICHR


186 – section of the audience during the inaugural function


187 – another view of the audience


191 – yet another view of the audience


270 – Souvenir released


280 – proceedings released, but, as usual it was not distributed to the delegates.


288 – book released


298 – yet another book released


328 – 5th evening, Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Memorial Lecture was delivered by Prof  B Surendra Rao, Mangalore University on “Nationalism and Historical writing”. His anxiety about history loosing importance was revealed through his observations. He lamented[6] that, “In independent India historians are not allowed to explore or explain history, as, for example, scientist are privileged to do about their respective subjects…”, ignoring that history cannot be “objective”. His ambiguity was revealed subsequently[7]. Though, there have been different interpretations of history and historiography, developed and applied in India thrusted on Indians, only “communal” variety has to be taken for discussion. Why and how the so-called “Muslimness” remained long for it to become  “a site of political and ideological warfare” has not been brought out, instead, he poses “V. D. Savarkar, M. S. Gowalkar and others (others are not named)[8] as the counterparts of “Muslimness” i.e, “Hindutva” without referring to the recent publications.

A careful reading of his whole paper criticises “nationalist” historiography and the writing of history “under national flag”, but he fails or reluctant to the duty of so-called historians to present the Indian history in right perspective. Why the so-called histories have not delivered the “right Indian history” without nationalism, right-wing narcissism, orientalism etc., to suit ordinary Indians or consumers of “history”, as he perceived. As many paper readers do not come to conclusion or have guts to pronounce categorically what is his result, he has also ended with warning to such “nationalist” historiographers of different categories. Therefore, he has added one more verbose paper to the existing category. To quote his last two lines, “Is history too important to be left out tio care of historians, or it is an assertion, sometimes bordering on clumsiness, of the consumer’s sovereignty that sets aside the historian’s labours and judgments? Either way the nationalist fervour or label does not seem to promise much freedom to the historian as it does to the assertive consumers of history”.


A section of the audience during the Memorial lecture.


372 – cultural program


402 – cultural program – audience view


181 – paper reading session


184 – Medieval history – here, one lady presented a paper on “Jambudwipa at Konakondala” claiming that for the first time she discovered it. In fact, There have been plenty of material already available about the so-called “Jambudweepa at Konakondala”:

Jambu Dweepa at Konakondla[9]: “The Jain Mythical cosmographical diagram of Jambu Dweepa engraved on a stone on the top of the hill Alchemists at Konakondla village in Vajrakarur Mandal which was identified by Sri R.V. Chakravarthy, Head Master, Parishad High School, Konakondla in the year 1966. The pilgrims, especially south Indian Jain pilgrims are mostly attracted by this Jambu Dweepa which is 70 kms from Anantapur or 10 kms from Guntakal Railway Station. Adjacent to this, there are Kambam Narasimha Swamy Hills, Rasasidda hillock and Kari Basappa hillock. There is a Thirthanka Temple with idols of Thirthankaras (high priests) on Rasasidda hillock. This may belong to 13th Century A.D”. [details as per the website].

Konakondala drawing made on the rock surface

The paintings, drawings and sketches of it are available in different books and nowadays can be downloaded from the website also.  Yet, the paper presenter claimed that she only discovered it, in spite of the facts mentioned above. Moreover, she had chosen to another “black and white” sketch to explain the “puranic description” of Jambudwipa. As it was identified in 1966 and photos were also taken, it is evident that it was there already by that time. Moreover, the paper-presenter never showed tis picture, instead, she was showing one sketch from some other book. Therefore, when pointed out and asked about the dating, he could not explain.

For illustrative purposes, some of the pictures have been reproduced below:

Jaina Janbudwipa from Rajasthan - modern period

A painting of modern period – is available for sale!

Jain Jambudwipa

Comparing with the above, here, we can note more depictions have been there surrounding the “Jambudwipa”

Jain Jambudwipa - differebt views

A comprehensive depiction of two-dimensional picture into three-dimensional – similar to Sri-chakra Mahameru.


205 – valedictory session


216 – young Local secretary.

Acknowledgment: I thank Sri Mandali Venkatram, the young and energetic local secretary for providing above photos (of the session).

[1] The Secretary & Correspondent Sri Sunflower Educational Society has the experience of running two well reputed schools in two different Mandals in Krishna District of Andhra Pradesh for the last twenty years with a student’s strength of above 2000. the Secretary & Correspondent of this Institution, he was proud of moulding many of his school children as Engineers, doctors and Officers who proved themselves worthy and deserving both within India and abroad. Besides, the society started a Junior College, which has won many laurels from the public for its outstanding academic performances within short span of time (2 years from establishment). Further, the secretary has vast and rich experience in conducting several career guidance and personality development programs for students and youth, by being a Lions Club District Chairman for the same. The Secretary of the society successfully introduced many dynamic and revolutionary experiments in academic as well as administrative aspects. Above all, he is blessed by the grace of the almighty in maintaining a very social relationship with all the parents and students which in turn makes him to comprehend and psychiatric and psychological fluctuations of the tender minds and there by to assist them to cross over their hidden reasons that make them academically backward.

[3] Sri Mandali Buddha Prasad born to Sri Mandali Venkata Krishna Rao, Smt. Prabhavathi Devi on 26.05.1956 at Nagayalanka Village in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh. His father Sri Mandali Venkata (M.V.) Krishna Rao was a staunch follower of Gandhian Philosophy and a social worker. He served as a Member of Parliament and a Cabinet Minister in the State for a long time and influenced the State politics. He got the rare distinction of conducting the First World Telugu Conference during the year 1975, thereby bringing all Telugu people scattered throughout the world to one platform. His services to the victims of cyclone and tidal wave that hit the coastal area of Andhra Pradesh on 19 November 1977 were attracted the entire world and still remembered. He is known as a great humanist and selfless leader.Sri Mandali Buddha Prasad attained all the great qualities of his father and is moving in his footsteps. After completing his primary and high school education at Avanigadda, Krishna District, Sri Buddha Prasad graduated from Osmania University, Hyderabad.

[4] Incidentally, “A Neglected Emperor Poet” by Gadicherla Hari Sarvottama Rao was circulated among the delegates .

[5] I used to meet him at the sessions of IHC and discuss about Sangam literature, as he used to present papers.

[6] Prof  B Surendra Rao, Nationalism and Historical writing, fn.1, p.22

[7] See fn.2, p.22.

[8] P.16.

Andhra Pradesh History Congress – 36

The 36th Annual session of Andhra Pradesh Hstory Congress (APHC)

APHC – Thirty sixth session at Ongole: The 36th Annual session of APHC was inaugurated at the C. S. R. Sarma College, Ongole affiliated to the Nagarjuna University on January 7th 2012. It was presided over by the Justice K. G. Shankar, High Court, AP. The C. S. R. Sarma College, Ongole hosted the session coinciding with their Diamond Jubilee Year 2012. On the occasion, they provided a diary to all the delegates, however, it does not contain any brief about the college. Had it contained the history of the College, it would have been informative to know its growth and achievements attained since 1952.

Sidda Venkateswara Rao, Krishna Sai Granites,

R. Soma Reddy, General Secretary, APHC

Justice K. G. Shankar, High Court, AP

D. Musala Rao

Karavadi Venkateswarrlu, Secretary and Correspondent, C.S.R. Sarma College

Rajan, Ancient History,

Mohan, Medieval  History, Sectional President.

Srinivasulu, Secretary.

M. Nagaraju, Local secretary, APHC

Chivukula Sri Rama Sarma College, Ongole: Chivukula Sri Rama Sarma was a famous politician and founder of CSR Sarma college and was considered “King maker” during Ongole politics in 1960s and 70s. Pratapagiri Ramamurthy was the first principal of the College. The present management of the college under the stewardship of Sri Karvadi Venkateswarlu, Secretary and Correspondent of the college, a noted freedom fighter and reputed advocate, is putting his strenus and dedicated efforts I protecting and strengthening the goals set by the founders. As such the institution was accredited with B++ by NAAC in 2007. After celebrating the Silver and Golden Jubilees, the college is marching ahead to its Diamond Jubiliee yewar in 2012. To mark the occasion, the institution is hostng the 36th annual session of APHC[1].

Karavadi Venkateswarrlu: Being, the Secretary and Correspondent of C.S.R. Sarma College, he has been active even in his 82nd age[2]. He pointed out the importance of history briefly. He also released the proceedings volume of the 35th session. He said that when K. Srinivasulu, General Secretary came to him about hosting the APHC session, he immediately agreed considering the importance of the subject.

The presidential address: Sri K. G. Shankar, the Justice High Court, AP started talking that he was perhaps not warranted person there, as he was not an “historian” and he was there, as he was invited by his friends of the college. Says that he was not believing that the Puranas could contain history, until he happened to read a book of H. Ray about the Political History of India, which starts with Parikshit, the grandson of Pandavas[3].

 Judges and historians are common in removing chaff from the grains. On the contrast, he recalled about the Chandavaram murder case[4], whenever, he used to think of Chandavaram, instead of the monument there (i.e, objectivity changes). In those days, a Maoist was murdered and the outcome of the judgment was eagerly awaited even by the Chinese.  

Paper-reading sessions: After lunch, the paper-reading sessions started under usual Ancient, Medieaval, modern, historiography and local histories.

Section Period President
I Ancient Andhra history and archaeology Prof K. Rajan
II Medieval Andhra history Dr V. K. Mohan
III Modern Andhra history Prof S. Srinath
IV Local history Sri B. Hanuma Reddy
V Historiography Prof K. Gopalankutty

24th Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Memorial lecture: Evening, the Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Memorial lecture was delivered by Prof. K. Gopalankutty, Department of History, Calicut University, Calicut on the topic “What is History now – Challenges and Possibilities[5]. Unlike others, his lecture was sharp, precise and over within time limit.

On the second day (January 8th 2012), the paper-reading session continued. The valedictory function was there between 3 and 4.30 pm and the session was over.

CSR Sarma college

CSR Sarma college, Vivekananda statue

The aerial view of the College campus

Inauguration – sectional view of the audience / delegates

Inauguration – sectional view of the audience / delegates – another view

Lighting lamp with candle – medieval to modern – inaugural function

Ancient India session – first day – Rajan Sectional Presisdent

Ancient India session – first day

Medieval session – first day

Modern history session – second day – another view

Modern history session – second day – another view

Modern history session – second day

Modern history session – second day – another view

Medieval session – second day

Medieval session – second day

Medieval session – second day

Medieval ses

Readers are requested to provide more details and information regarding the APHC, so that they would be incorporated with acknowledgments.

[1] From the circular of the Local Secretary of the APHC dated 11-11-2011.

[3] Hemchandra Raychaudhuri, Political history of ancient India: from the accession of Parikshit to the extinction of the Gupta dynasty, University of Calcutta, 1953.

[4]  P.Purushothama Raju, In 1969-70, he was implicated in Chandavaram murder case and he spent 9 months in jail and later the case was dismissed.;